Antonio Gramsci

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Antonio Gramsci

Antonio Gramsci, 1916
Born 22 January 1891(1891-01-22)
Ales, Sardinia, Italy
Died 27 April 1937(1937-04-27) (aged 46)
Rome, Lazio, Italy
Influenced by Karl Marx, Niccolò Machiavelli, Vladimir Lenin, Antonio Labriola, Georges Sorel, Vilfredo Pareto, Henri Bergson, Benedetto Croce, Giovanni Gentile
Influenced Stuart Hall, Eric Hobsbawm, Ernesto Laclau, Chantal Mouffe, Edward Said, Palmiro Togliatti, Cornel West, Alain de Benoist, Raymond Williams , Néstor García Canclini, Giovanni Arrighi, Alex Callinicos, Nicos Poulantzas, Gayatri Spivak, Bob Jessop

Antonio Gramsci (Italian: [anˈtɔːnjo ˈɡramʃi]; 22 January 1891 – 27 April 1937) was an Italian writer, politician, political theorist, philosopher, sociologist, and linguist.[1] He was a founding member and onetime leader of the Communist Party of Italy and was imprisoned by Benito Mussolini's Fascist regime.

Gramsci was one of the most important Marxist thinkers in the 20th century. He is a notable figure within modern European thought and his writings analyze culture and political leadership. He is known for his theory of cultural hegemony, which describes how states use cultural institutions to maintain power in capitalist societies.

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