|Friedrich August von Hayek|
|Full name||Friedrich August von Hayek|
|School||Old Whig, Classical liberalism and Austrian School|
|Main interests||Economics, social philosophy, political philosophy, philosophy of mind|
|Notable ideas||Economic calculation problem, Catallaxy, Extended order, Dispersed knowledge, Spontaneous order|
Friedrich August von Hayek, CH (8 May 1899– 23 March 1992) was an Austrian-British economist and political philosopher. He became known because he strongly defended liberalism and free-market capitalism. He was against any form of socialism or collectivism.
He is thought of as one of the most important economists and political philosophers of the twentieth century. He was one of the most important members of the Austrian School of economics. He also had many ideas in the fields of jurisprudence and cognitive science. He shared the 1974 Nobel Prize in Economics with his rival Gunnar Myrdal. The award was for their work in the theory of money and economic fluctuations and for their analysis of the inter-dependence of economic, social and institutional phenomena. He also received the U.S. Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1991. He is thought to be one of the major causes of change from the interventionist and Keynesian policies of the first part of the 20th century back towards classical liberalism after the 1980s.
Main books[change | change source]
- Profits, interest and investment: and other essays on the theory of industrial fluctuations, 1939.
- The road to serfdom, 1944. ISBN 978-0-226-32055-7
- Individualism and economic order, 1948. ISBN 978-0-226-32093-9
- The counter-revolution of science: studies on the abuse of reason, 1952. ISBN 978-0913966679
- The constitution of liberty, 1960, ISBN 978-0-226-32084-7 ...: The definitive edition, 2011. Description and preview.
- Law, legislation and liberty (3 volumes)
- The fatal conceit: the errors of socialism, 1988. ISBN 978-0-226-32066-3
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- Edward Feser (ed) 2007. The Cambridge Companion to Hayek. Cambridge University Press. p13 ISBN 0-521-84977-2
- Bank of Sweden (1974). "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1974". http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1974/index.html.
- George H.W. Bush (1991). "Remarks on presenting the Presidential Medal of Freedom Awards". http://bushlibrary.tamu.edu/research/public_papers.php?id=3642&year=&month=.
- Law, Legislation and Liberty, Volume ... – Google Books. Books.google.com. 1978-02-15. ISBN 9780226320861. http://books.google.com/?id=UunDsFD25fYC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 2011-09-14.
- Law, Legislation and Liberty, Volume ... – Google Books. Books.google.com. 1978-10-15. ISBN 9780226320830. http://books.google.com/?id=qq6p11NPdOoC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 2011-09-14.