James M. Buchanan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This person was awarded a Nobel Prize
James M. Buchanan

James Buchanan at a panel discussion on his contributions to social philosophy and political economy in September 2010.
Born October 3, 1919(1919-10-03)
Murfreesboro, Tennessee, U.S.
Died January 9, 2013(2013-01-09) (aged 93)
Blacksburg, Virginia, U.S.
Residence Blacksburg, Virginia, U.S.
Nationality American
Fields Public choice
Alma mater University of Chicago
University of Tennessee
State Teachers College, Murfreesboro
Known for Discovering Public choice theory
Helped contribute to Logrolling
Influences Frank Knight
Knut Wicksell
Ludwig von Mises
Influenced Elinor Ostrom
Notable awards Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1986)

James McGill Buchanan, Jr. (October 3, 1919 – January 9, 2013) was an American economist and educator. He is known for his public choice theory. His theories helped scientists figure out political science. Buchanan won the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1968 for his theory.

Early life[change | change source]

Buchanan was born on October 3, 1919 in Murfreesboro, Tennessee. His ancestry includes Scottish and Irish. He was raised in Chicago, Illinois and in Murfreesboro, Tennessee. Buchanan studied at University of Chicago, at the University of Tennessee, and at the State Teachers College, Murfreesboro.

Ideas[change | change source]

Buchanan is the founder of a new Virginia school of political economy. Buchanan is largely responsible for the rebirth of political economy in the second half of 20th century.[1] The term "constitutional economics" was used by James M. Buchanan as a name for a new academic sub-discipline. Buchanan’s work in 1986 brought him the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences for his "development of the contractual and constitutional bases for the theory of economic and political decision-making." Buchanan rejects "any organic conception of the state" as superior in wisdom, to the citizens of this state." This philosophical position forms the basis of constitutional economics. Buchanan believes that every constitution is created for at least several generations of citizens. It must be able to balance interests of the state, society, and each individual.[2]

In 2001 Buchanan received an honorary doctoral degree from Universidad Francisco Marroquín, in Guatemala City, Guatemala, for his contribution to economics.[3] The New York Times commented that the Nobel Prize-winning economist who championed public choice theory influenced a "generation of conservative thinking about deficits, taxes, and the size of government".[4]

Influences[change | change source]

He was influenced by Frank Knight, Knut Wicksell, and by Ludwig von Mises. He has influenced Elinor Ostrom.

Personal life and death[change | change source]

He was married to Ann Bakke from 1945 until his death in 2013. They had no children. Buchanan died on January 9, 2013, in Blacksburg, Virginia. He was 93 and he died from natural causes.[5]

References[change | change source]

  1. Boettke, P.J. (1998). James M. Buchanan and the rebirth of political economy, in (S. Pressman and R. Holt, eds.), Against the Grain: Dissent in Economics, pp. 21–39, Aldershot, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 1998
  2. Buchanan, J., Logical Foundations of Constitutional Liberty, Vol. 1, Indianapolis, 1999, p. 372.
  3. Honorary Doctoral Degrees at Universidad Francisco Marroquín
  4. McFadden, Robert D. (January 9, 2013). "James M. Buchanan, Economic Scholar and Nobel Laureate, Dies at 93". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/10/business/economy/james-m-buchanan-economic-scholar-dies-at-93.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0.
  5. "James M. Buchanan, Economic Scholar and Nobel Laureate, Dies at 93". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/10/business/economy/james-m-buchanan-economic-scholar-dies-at-93.html?partner=rss&emc=rss&smid=tw-nytimes&_r=0. Retrieved 9 January 2013.

Related pages[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]