أيمن محمد ربيع الظواهري
|Born||Ayman Mohammed Rabie al-Zawahiri
19 June 1951
Maadi, Cairo, Egypt
|Alma mater||Cairo University|
|Occupation||Leader of al-Qaeda
|Religion||Sunni Islam (Qutbism)|
(m. 1978–2001, her death), Umaima Hassan
|Years of service||1998–present|
|Battles/wars||War in Afghanistan
War in North-West Pakistan
Ayman Mohammed Rabie al-Zawahiri (Arabic: أيمن محمد ربيع الظواهري ʾAyman Muḥammad Rabīʿ aẓ-Ẓawāhirī, born 19 June 1951) is an Egyptian physician, Islamic theologian and current leader of the militant Islamist organization al-Qaeda. Ayman al-Zawahiri is a former member of Islamist organizations which have both orchestrated and carried out multiple attacks on the continents of North America, Asia, Africa and the Middle East. In 2012 he called on fellow Muslims to kidnap western tourists in Muslim countries.
Since the September 11 attacks, U.S. State Department has offered a US$25 million reward for information leading to al-Zawahiri's arrest. He is under worldwide sanctions by the United Nations Security Council 1267 Committee as a member or affiliate of al-Qaeda.
Earlier life[change | edit source]
al-Zawahiri studied medicine in Cairo. He successfully completed his studies in 1974. For three years, he worked as a surgeon in the Egyptian army. After that, he worked in a hospital in Cairo. In 1980 and 1981, al-Zawahiri travelled to Pakistan to help the Red Crescent movement.
References[change | edit source]
- Islamism: a documentary and reference guide (2008) Dr. John Calvert
- BBC: Ayman al-Zawahiri appointed as al-Qaeda leader, 16 June 2011
- CNN: Egyptian doctor emerges as terror mastermind, accessed 16 June 2011
- UN list of affiliates of al-Qaeda and the Taliban
- "Succession to throne: Ayman al Zawahiri named head of al Qaeda". The Express Tribune. http://tribune.com.pk/story/189980/zawahiri-named-new-al-qaeda-chief-statement/.
- Al-Qaeda Deputy Head Ayman Al-Zawahiri in Audio Recording: Musharraf Accepted Israel's Existence
- Wilkinson, Isambard (11 August 2008). "Al-Qa'eda chief Ayman Zawahiri attacks Pakistan's Pervez Musharraf in video". The Daily Telegraph (London). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/pakistan/2540522/Al-Qaeda-chief-Ayman-Zawahiri-attacks-Pakistans-Pervez-Musharraf-in-video.html. Retrieved 26 April 2010.