Carson City is the capital city of the American state of Nevada. At the 2010 United States Census, Carson City had a population of 55,274.
Settlers who lived present-day Carson City named the area "Washoe", after the Washoe Native Americans who lived there. John C. Frémont and his party of explorers were the first European Americans to visit the Carson City area in 1843. Frémont named a river flowing through the valley Carson River for Christopher "Kit" Carson, who served as a scout on Frémont's expedition.
When Nevada became a state in 1864 during the Civil War, Carson City was confirmed as Nevada's permanent capital. Abraham Curry, the founder of Carson City, reserved an area equivalent to four city blocks (10 acres or 4.04 ha) at the center of the town for the future state capitol building. When the Capitol building was built ten years later, it was located there. The fourth session of the state legislature met in the still-incomplete building at the beginning of 1871. Construction was completed by May 1, 1871.
Looking south on US 395
, just south of US 50
near Carson City
There are two highways in the city US Route 395 and US Route 50. Carson City has one under-construction freeway, Interstate 580. Phase 1 of the Carson City Freeway Project from US 395, just north of the city, to US 50 was completed in February 2006 and Phase 2A, extending from Rt. 50 to Fairview Drive, was officially opened on September 24, 2009. Phase 2B, Fairview Drive to Rt. 50, awaits funding. Until it is finished, Carson City is one of five state capitals without an Interstate highway.[Note 1]
Carson City's first bus system, called Jump Around Carson, opened in October 2005. There is almost no ground public transportation to other cities. Passenger train service stopped in 1948. Greyhound Lines stopped bus service there in 2006. Amtrak stopped their bus to Sacramento in 2008. Greyhound and Amtrak have busses to Reno, Monday to Friday.
Carson Airport is in the northern part of the city. Reno-Tahoe International Airport, 28 miles (45 km) away, has domestic commercial flights.
- ↑ The other state capitals without Interstate highways are Dover, Delaware; Jefferson City, Missouri; Pierre, South Dakota; and Juneau, Alaska.