Greenwich

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Coordinates: 51°28′45″N 0°00′00″E / 51.4791°N 0.0000°E / 51.4791; 0.0000

Greenwich
312SFEC LONDON-20070917.JPG
Royal Observatory, Greenwich
Greenwich is located in Greater London
Greenwich
 Greenwich shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ395775
London borough Greenwich
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district SE10 & some parts of SE8
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Greenwich and Woolwich
London Assembly Greenwich and Lewisham
List of places
UK
England
London

Greenwich [1] is a district of London. It is in the Borough of Greenwich,[2][3][4] about 8.9 km east south-east of Charing Cross. The Royal Observatory there is the basis for the Greenwich Meridian (0° longitude) and Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

Greenwich is a town with a long history. It became the site of a royal palace, the Palace of Placentia, from the 15th century. This was the birthplace of many members of the Tudor dynasty, including Henry VIII and Elizabeth I. The palace became ruined during the English Civil War. It was rebuilt as a hospital by Sir Christopher Wren. These buildings became the a military college in 1873, which lasted until 1998. The town became a popular resort in the 17th century. Many rich houses were built there, such as Vanbrugh Castle (1717). Estates were built above the town centre.

Greenwich was part of Kent until 1889 when the County of London was created.

World heritage site[change | change source]

Maritime Greenwich *
Royal Naval College 2008.jpg
Old Royal Naval College on the Thames
Country United Kingdom
Type Cultural
Criteria i, ii, iv, vi
Reference 795
Region ** Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 1997 (21st Session)

Maritime Greenwich is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is on the River Thames. The site includes buildings along the riverfront, and surrounding the 17th century Queen's House. The group include the complex of the Royal Hospital for Seamen, the Royal Observatory and the Royal Park.[5]

The Royal Hospital was laid out to a master plan created by Christopher Wren.[6] The hospital complex was built over many decades. Other architects who added to this long-term project included Nicholas Hawksmoor.[5]

The core of this group of buildings is the Queen's House which was designed by Inigo Jones. This was the first Palladian building in Britain.[5]

The Royal Observatory is now the baseline for the world's time zone system and for the measurement of longitude around the globe.[5]

The Royal Park is a symmetrical design in an irregular landscape around the buildings of the World Heritage Site. The park was created by André Le Nôtre.[5]

The park and grounds behind the buildings on the river held the competitions for the horse-related events of the 2012 Summer Olympics.[7]

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. pronunciation: /ˈɡrɛnɨ/
  2. Wells, John C. (2000). Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (2nd edition ed.). Harlow: Pearson Education Limited. ISBN 0-582-36467-1 .
  3. Jones, Daniel (1997). English Pronouncing Dictionary (15th edition ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-45903-6 .
  4. Collins English Dictionary (3rd updated edition ed.). HarperCollins. 1994. ISBN 0-00-470678-1 .
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 UNESCO, "Maritime Greenwich"; retrieved 2012-4-19.
  6. These buildings became home to the Royal Naval College from 1873 to 1998.
  7. London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games, "Greenwich Park"; retrieved 2012-4-25.

Other websites[change | change source]

This article is about a World Heritage Site