Icelandic language

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Icelandic
íslenska
Pronunciation [is(t)lɛnska]
Native to Iceland, Norway
Native speakers 320,000  (2011)[1]
Language family
Indo-European
Writing system Latin (Icelandic alphabet)
Icelandic Braille
Official status
Official language in  Iceland
Regulated by Árni Magnússon Institute for Icelandic Studies in an advisory capacity
Language codes
ISO 639-1 is
ISO 639-2 ice (B)
isl (T)
ISO 639-3 isl
Linguasphere 52-AAA-aa

Icelandic is the language spoken by the people of Iceland.

It is a Germanic language. It comes from the Old Norse language, the language spoken by the Vikings. Because Iceland is far away from other countries, the language has not changed much. Icelandic people can still read words from hundreds of years ago.

Icelandic uses four characters that are not used in English: þ (thorn), (like 'th' in thin), ð (edh), (like 'th' in this), æ (pronounced like I) and ö (pronounced like the French U). It can also be said that ð is a "softer" version of þ.

Some linguists say there are only two Nordic languages, Eastern-Nordic and Western-Nordic, which includes Icelandic and Faroese because of their similarity.

Icelandic is also one of the most difficult languages to learn.

References[change | edit source]