Kenichi Fukui

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Kenichi Fukui
Born October 4, 1918
Nara, Japan
Died January 9, 1998 (aged 79)
Kyoto, Japan
Nationality Japan
Fields chemistry
Institutions Kyoto University
Known for orbitals in chemical reactions
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1981
This person was awarded a Nobel Prize
In this Japanese name, the family name is Fukui.

Kenichi Fukui[1] (October 4, 1918–January 9, 1998) was a Japanese chemist. He won the 1981 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.[2]

Early life[change | change source]

Fukui was the oldest of three sons of Ryokichi Fukui, who was a merchant. He was born in Nara, Japan.[2]

He graduated from Kyoto Imperial University in 1941.[2]

Career[change | change source]

Fukui worked at the Army Fuel Laboratory of Japan during World War II.{[2]

Kenichi Fukui Monument at Kyoto University

In 1943, he was appointed a lecturer in fuel chemistry at Kyoto Imperial University.[2]

He was professor of physical chemistry at Kyoto University from 1951 to 1982.[source?]

He was president of the Kyoto Institute of Technology between 1982 and 1988.[2]

Fukui shared the 1981 Nobel Prize with Roald Hoffmann. Fukui and Hoffmann worked separately on the mechanisms of chemical reactions. Fukui explained in his Nobel lecture that,

"It is only after the remarkable appearance of the brilliant work by Woodward and Hoffmann that I have become fully aware that not only the density distribution but also the nodal property of the particular orbitals have significance in such a wide variety of chemical reactions."[3]

Honors[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Kenichi Fukui (福井 謙一 Fukui Ken'ichi?)
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 NobelPrize.org, "Kenichi Fukui"; retrieved 2012-9-17.
  3. NobelPrize.org, "Nobel Lecture"; retrieved 2012-9-17.