List of World Heritage Sites in China

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The List of World Heritage Sites in China is a group of places chosen by UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

History[change | edit source]

UNESCO was created for the "conservation and protection of the world’s inheritance of books, works of art and monuments of history and science". The constitution of UNESCO was ratified in 1946 by 26 countries.[1]

China agreed to take part in the World Heritage Convention in 1985.[2]

List[change | edit source]

The World Heritage Site (WHS)[3] list has developed over time. It is part of a process; and the list continues to grow.

There are 43 WHS places in China.[4]

* = World Cultural Site
† = World Natural Site
*† = World Cultural and Natural Site (Mixed)

By chronological order:

# Image Name Location Date Number Criteria
1 Forbidden city 07.jpg Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, including the Forbidden City and Mukden Palace* Beijing (the Forbidden City) and Shenyang (Mukden Palace) 1987, 2004 439 I, II, III, IV
2 Terracotta Army Pit 1 - 2.jpg Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor * Xi'an, Shaanxi province 1987 441 I, III, IV, VI
3 Trade in silkroad.jpg Mogao Caves * Dunhuang, Gansu province 1987 440 I, II, III, IV, V, VI
4 Mount tai stairs 2006 09 1.jpg Mount Taishan *† Shandong province 1987 437 I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII
5 Zhoukoudian Entrance.JPG Peking Man Site at Zhoukoudian * Beijing municipality 1987 449 III, VI
6 20090529 Great Wall 8185.jpg The Great Wall* Northern China 1987 438 I, II, III, IV, VI
7 Ying Ke Pine .JPG Mount Huangshan *† Anhui province 1990 547 II, VII, X
8 1 huanglong 2011.jpg Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area † Sichuan province 1992 638 VII
9 1 jiuzhaigou valley wolong hai huohua hai 2011.jpg Jiuzhaigou Valley Scenic and Historic Interest Area † Sichuan province 1992 637 VII
10 张家界砂岩峰林.jpg Wulingyuan Scenic and Historic Interest Area † Hunan province 1992 640 VII
11 紫霄宮.JPG Ancient Building Complex in the Wudang Mountains * Hubei province 1994 705 I, II, VI
12 Potala Palace PD.jpg Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, including the Jokhang Temple and Norbulingka * Lhasa, Tibet 1994, 2000, 2001 705 I, IV, VI
13 Chengde view from mountain top.jpg Mountain Resort and its Outlying Temples in Chengde * Hebei province 1994 703 II, IV
14 Kong Miao - Dacheng Dian - P1050686.JPG Temple and Cemetery of Confucius, and the Kong Family Mansion * Qufu, Shandong province 1994 704 I, IV, VI
15 Leshan Buddha Statue View.JPG Mount Emei Scenic Area, including Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area *† Sichuan province 1996 779 IV, VI, X
16 庐山日出.JPG Lushan National Park * Jiangxi province 1996 778 II, III, IV, VI
17 PingYaoCityWall.jpg Ancient City of Ping Yao * Shanxi province 1997 812 II, III, IV
18 Humble Administrator's Garden1.jpg Classical Gardens of Suzhou * Jiangsu province 1997, 2000 813 I, II, III, IV, V
19 Roofs of old town Lijiang.jpg Old Town of Lijiang * Yunnan province 1997 811 II, IV, V
20 Bridge17span.jpg Summer Palace * Beijing 1998 880 I, II, III
21 Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest.JPG Temple of Heaven * Beijing 1998 881 I, II, III
22 Dazu.jpg Dazu Rock Carvings * Chongqing municipality 1999 912 I, II, III
23 Peak Yunu.jpg Mount Wuyi *† Fujian province 1999 911 III, VI, VII, X
24 Hongcun.jpg Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui - Xidi and Hongcun * Anhui province 2000 1002 III, IV, V
25 Noel 2005 Pékin tombeaux Ming voie des âmes.jpg Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, including the Ming Dynasty Tombs and the Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum * Beijing and Nanjing 2000, 2003, 2004 1004 III, IV, V
26 DragonGateCave2.jpg Longmen Grottoes * Luoyang, Henan province 2000 1003 I, II, III
27 Erwang Temple.JPG Mount Qingcheng and the Dujiangyan Irrigation System * Sichuan province 2000 1001 II, IV, VI
28 Yungag entrance 2010.JPG Yungang Grottoes * Datong, Shanxi province 2001 1039 I, II, III, IV
29 DSCN1728.JPG Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas Yunnan province 2003 1083 VII, VIII, IX, X
30 Goguryeo tomb mural.jpg Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom * Jilin province 2004 1135 I, II, III, IV, V
31 Centre of Makau.jpg Historic Centre of Macau * Macau 2005 1110 II, III, IV, VI
32 Yinxu.jpg Yin Xu * Henan province 2006 1114 II, III, IV, VI
33 Chengdu-pandas-d10.jpg Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries Sichuan province 2006 1213 X
34 Rui Shi Lou.jpg Kaiping Diaolou and Villages * Guangdong province 2007 1112 II, III, IV
35 石林正门.JPG South China Karst Yunnan, Guizhou provinces and Chongqing municipality 2007 1248 VII, VIII
36 Snail pit tulou.jpg Fujian Tulou * Fujian province 2008 1113 III, IV, V
37 Sanqingshan1522.jpg Sanqingshan Jiangxi province 2008 1292 VII
38 五台山-白塔.JPG Mount Wutai * Shanxi province 2009 1279 II, III, IV, VI
39 Shaolinsi.JPG Historic Monuments of Dengfeng in “The Centre of Heaven and Earth” * Henan province 2010 1305 III, VI
40 Danxia 0816.JPG China Danxia Hunan, Guangdong, Fujian, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, and Guizhou provinces 2010 1335 VII, VIII, IX, X
41 West Lake.JPG West Lake Cultural Landscape of Hangzhou * Zhejiang province 2011 1334 II, III, VI
42 John-Speed-The-Kingdome-of-China-1626-2544.jpg Site of Xanadu * Inner Mongolia 2012 1389 II, III, IV, VI
43 Maotianshania-cylindrica.jpg Chengjiang Fossil Site † Yunnan province 2012 1388 VIII

Tentative list[change | edit source]

The Tentative List consists of sites which have been nominated. The evaluation process is not yet completed.

Related pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. UNESCO, "Constitution"; retrieved 2012-7-18.
  2. UNESCO, "States Parties: Ratification Status"; retrieved 2012-7-18.
  3. WHS is an acronym. WHS stands for "World Heritage Site".
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 4.19 4.20 4.21 4.22 4.23 4.24 4.25 4.26 4.27 4.28 4.29 4.30 4.31 4.32 4.33 4.34 4.35 4.36 4.37 4.38 4.39 4.40 4.41 4.42 4.43 4.44 4.45 4.46 4.47 4.48 4.49 4.50 UNESCO, "China"; retrieved 2012-7-18.

Other websites[change | edit source]

Media related to World Heritage Sites in China at Wikimedia Commons


This article is about a World Heritage Site