Prussian blue

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This box shows the colour Prussian blue.

Prussian blue, also known as Berlin blue, is a dark blue colour that is artificially made.

It is one of the first pigments made synthetically. It was accidentally found in 1704 by two chemists in Berlin.[1]

The dark blue uniforms of the Prussian army were dyed this colour.[2]

Colour[change | edit source]

Prussian blue oil paint thinned with turpentine.

A colour can be shown by hex triplet is a six-digit, three-byte hexadecimal number used in HTML, CSS, and other computing applications. The hex triplet to represent Prussian blue is 003153.

When using the RGB color model where red, green, and blue light are added together, Prussian blue has the RGB code of 0, 49, 83

Use as a medicine[change | edit source]

Prussian blue is a medicine that is sometimes given by doctors to help remove certain radioactive materials from people’s bodies. It has been used this way since the 1960s.[3]

Potential use in computer storage[change | edit source]

Prussian blue is a chemical compound. One of the chemical elements in this compound is iron.[2]

Researchers have experimented replacing some of the iron atoms in Prussian blue with cobalt. When the Prussian blue compound is lit with a red light at -150 C, the compound shifts from being non-magnetic (off) to magnetic (on). The magnetic shift does not change back except if deliberately reversed (or undone) with heat.[2]

This magnetism is due to the transfer of an electron from the cobalt to the iron, with light providing the energy, while the electron moves back when heat is applied, the researchers said.[2]

This magnetic property means the compound can be used in computer storage. Because the compound can be turned "on" and "off" in a controlled way, it can remember binary information. Binary information is used for computer storage.[2]

This way of using the compound is still being developed.[2]

It is also used as a machinists dye to check wear patterns.

Tones of Prussian blue color comparison chart[change | edit source]

  • Dark Slate Blue (web color) (Hex: #483D8B) (RGB: 72, 61, 139)
  • Persian Indigo (Regimental) ( (Maerz & Paul) (Hex: #32127A) (RGB: 50, 18, 122)
  • Dark Imperial Blue (Imperial Blue (ISCC-NBS) (Hex: #00416A) (RGB: 0, 65, 106)
  • Midnight Blue (web color) (Hex: #191970) (RGB: 25, 25, 112)
  • Dark Midnight Blue (Midnight Blue (Crayola)) (Hex: #003366) (RGB: 0, 51, 102)
  • PRUSSIAN BLUE (Berlin Blue) ( (Maerz & Paul) (Hex: #003153) (RGB: 0, 49, 83)
  • Dark Indigo ( (Hex: #310062) (RGB: 49, 0, 98)
  • Gulf Blue ( color list) (Hex: #051657) (RGB: 9, 22, 87)

References[change | edit source]

  1. Boddy-Evans, Marion. "Artist's Pigments: The Accidental Discovery of Prussian Blue". Painting. (New York Times). Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 "Ancient dye could brighten computer storage". Radio Canada: January 18, 2007. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  3. "Radiation Emergencies > Emergency Instructions > Fact sheet: Prussian blue". Emergency Preparedness and Response. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: US Government, Department of Health and Human Services. 2005. Retrieved 2008-10-24.

Other pages[change | edit source]