The title has a long history in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia, as it is found in the Rigveda. It can also be used as a name for non-royal Indians. In Pakistan, Raja is still used by many Muslim Rajput clans as titles. Raja is also used as a name by Hindus and Sikhs.
Rajas in the Malay world[change]
- The ruler of the state of Perlis, Malaysia is titled the Raja of Perlis. Most of the other state rulers are titled Sultans. But the Raja has equal status with the other rulers and is one of the electors who designate one of their number as the Yang di-Pertuan Agong every five years.
- where it is more accurately translated as "tribal chief"; see for example the दाशराज्ञ (dāśarājñá), the "battle of ten rajas"