Robert F. Furchgott

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This person was awarded a Nobel Prize
Robert F. Furchgott
Born Robert Francis Furchgott
June 4, 1916(1916-06-04)[1]
Charleston, South Carolina[1]
Died May 19, 2009(2009-05-19) (aged 92)
Seattle, Washington
Nationality American
Known for Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1998

Robert Francis Furchgott (June 4, 1916 – May 19, 2009) was an American biochemist.

He discovered a substance in endothelial cells that relaxes blood vessels. He called it endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF). He later worked out EDRF's nature and mechanism of action, and determined that EDRF was nitric oxide (NO), which is an important compound in many aspects of cardiovascular physiology. The research that was done was important in explaining the action of Viagra, treatment of blue babies, and other medical as well as health-related issues. He won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1998 "for their discoveries concerning nitric oxide as a signalling molecule in the cardiovascular system". He shared the prize with Louis Ignarro and Ferid Murad.[1] He also won a Gairdner Foundation International Award in 1991[2] and a Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research in 1996.[3]

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This person was awarded a Nobel Prize