Sport in Japan

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Sumo was a popular sport in Japan's Heian period

Sports in Japan are a part of Japanese culture. Japan has many traditional sports such as sumo, judo, karate, and kendo. Also, there are sports which were imported from the West such as baseball, soccer, golf and skiing.[1] Sports are popular with both participants and onlookers.

History[change | change source]

Some traditional sports like yabusame have ancient histories.

In the Meiji period, sports which were imported from the West became popular.

Rugby game in Yokohama, 1874

At first, Western sports were valued as a form of mental discipline, but they have become recreational activities.[7]

Notable athletes, sports clubs, sports schools and training clinics played an important part in spreading sports in Japan.[8]

In Japan, sports groups are an important part of school life. The time spent in these groups allows students to adjust to Japan's vertical society. For example, in sports, players learn to use keigo (formal, polite speech), respect and traditions.[9]

Olympic games[change | change source]

The 1940 Summer Olympics and the 1940 Winter Olympics were planned for Japan, but the organizers withdrew in 1938 because of the Second Sino-Japanese War.[10] These games were later cancelled because of World War II.

Japan did host the Olympic games three times,[11] including

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Sports" in Japan Encyclopedia, pp. 905-907.
  2. Nussbaum, "Baseball," p. 71.
  3. Nussbaum, "Golf," p. 256.
  4. Light, Richard. "A Centenary of Rugby and Masculinity in Japanese Schools and Universities: Continuity and Change," Sporting Traditions, Vol. 16, No. 2, May 2000, p. 91 [PDF 5 of 18]; retrieved 2012-2-26.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Nussbaum, p. 906.
  6. Nussbaum, p. 905.
  7. Web-Japan.org, "Sports"; retrieved 2012-2-26.
  8. Japanese Olympic Committee (JOC), "Olympic History in Japan, Tokyo 1964, Games of the XVIII Olympiad"; retrieved 2012-8-23.
  9. Ohno Higashi Junior High School, "Clubs & Sports"; retrieved 2012-8-23.
  10. Organizing Committee of the XIIth Olympiad. (1940). Report of the Organizing Committee on Its Work for the XIIth Olympic Games of 1940 in Tokyo Until the Relinquishment, p. 177 [201 of 207 PDF]; retrieved 2012-7-25.
  11. Web-Japan.org, "Japan and the Olympics"; retrieved 2012-2-26.

Other websites[change | change source]