Keiō (慶応, historically 慶應) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, , lit. "year name") after Genji and before Meiji. The period started in April 1865 and ended in September 1868. During this time, the emperors were Kōmei-tennō (孝明天皇) and Meiji-tennō (明治天皇).
Events of the Keiō era[change | edit source]
- 28 September 1866 (Keiō 2, 20th day of the 8th month): Tokugawa Iemochi died at Osaka; and Tokugawa Yoshinobu was named shogun.
- 10 January 1867 (Keiō 2, 5th day of the 12th month): Yoshinobu was formally established as shogun.
- 30 January 1867 (Keiō 2, 25th day of the 12th month): Kōmei died; and the succession passed to his son (senso).
- 10 November 1867 (Keiō 3, 15th day of the 10th month): An Imperial edict defines a restoration of Imperial government.
- 3 September 1868 (Keiō 4, 17th day of the 7th month): Edo was renamed "Tokyo", which means "Eastern Capital".
- 8 October 1868 (Keiō 4, 23rd of the 8th month): Battle of Aizu began.
- 12 October 1868 (Keiō 4, 27th day of the 8th month): Emperor Meiji's role as monarch was confirmed by ceremonies (sokui).
- 23 October 1868 (Keiō 4, 8th day of the 9th month): The nengō was formally changed from Keiō to Meiji; and a general amnesty was granted.
Related pages[change | edit source]
References[change | edit source]
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Keiō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 505.
- Nussbaum, "Kōmei Tennō," p. 553.
- Nussbaum, "Meiji Tennō," p. 624.
- Lane-Poole, Stanley. (1894). The Life of Sir Harry Parkes, p. 97.
- Nussbaum, "Goryōkaku" ay p. 259.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1956). Kyoto: The Old Capital of Japan, 794-1869, p. 326.
- Ponsonby-Fane, p. 326; Meyer, Eva-Maria. (1999). Japans Kaiserhof in der Edo-Zeit, p. 186; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 孝明天皇 (121); retrieved 2012-5-27.
- Ponsonby-Fane, p. 327.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 328; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Kunaichō, Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-6-30.
- Ponsonby-Fane, p. 328.
- Nussbaum, "Meiji-isshin" at p. 624.
- Nussbaum, "Keiō Gijuku Daigaku" at p. 505.
- Ozaki, Yukio. (2001). The Autobiography of Ozaki Yukio, p. 21.
Other websites[change | edit source]
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" ...historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
- National Archives of Japan Imperial standard and colors, Boshin War (1868)
|Era or nengō: