Juei (寿永) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, , lit. "year name") after Yōwa and before Genryaku. This period started in May 1182 and ended in March 1184. The reigning emperors were Antoku-tennō (安徳天皇) and Go-Toba-tennō (後鳥羽天皇).
Events of the Juei era[change]
- 1182 (Juei 1): The entire country suffers a famine.
- 14 August 1183 (Juei 2, 25th day of 7th month): the Taira (also known as the Heike) flee the capital with Emperor Antoku.
- 8 September 1183 (Juei 2, 20th day of the 8th month): In the 3rd year of Antoku's reign, former-Emperor Go-Shirakawa named another emperor; and the young child was given the acceptance of abdication rites (juzen). Go-Shirakawa wanted it to look like the succession (senso) was received by someone other than Antoku; and soon after, Emperor Go-Toba is said to have accepted the responsibility and powers of the emperor (sokui). Emperor Go-Toba is enthroned without the imperial regalia.
- 1183 (Juei 2, 20th day of the 8th month): When Go-Toba is proclaimed emperor by the Genji, there were two emperors — one living in Heian-kyō and another in flight towards the south.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Juei" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 435.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 200-207; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 333-334; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 214-215.
- Kitagawa, H. (1975). The Tale of the Heike, p. 785.
- Kitagawa, p. 786.
- Varley, p. 216.
- Titsingh, pp. 206-207; Brown, p. 334; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-5-22.
- Titsingh, p. 207.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
|Era or nengō: