Juei

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Juei (寿永?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,?, lit. "year name") after Yōwa and before Genryaku. This period started in May 1182 and ended in March 1184.[1] The reigning emperors were Antoku-tennō (安徳天皇) and Go-Toba-tennō (後鳥羽天皇?).[2]

Events of the Juei era[change | change source]

  • 1182 (Juei 1): The entire country suffers a famine.[3]
  • 14 August 1183 (Juei 2, 25th day of 7th month): the Taira (also known as the Heike) flee the capital with Emperor Antoku.[4]
  • 8 September 1183 (Juei 2, 20th day of the 8th month): In the 3rd year of Antoku's reign, former-Emperor Go-Shirakawa named another emperor; and the young child was given the acceptance of abdication rites (juzen).[5] Go-Shirakawa wanted it to look like the succession (senso) was received by someone other than Antoku; and soon after, Emperor Go-Toba is said to have accepted the responsibility and powers of the emperor (sokui).[6] Emperor Go-Toba is enthroned without the imperial regalia.[4]
  • 1183 (Juei 2, 20th day of the 8th month): When Go-Toba is proclaimed emperor by the Genji, there were two emperors — one living in Heian-kyō and another in flight towards the south.[7]

References[change | change source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Juei" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 435.
  2. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 200-207; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 333-334; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 214-215.
  3. Kitagawa, H. (1975). The Tale of the Heike, p. 785.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Kitagawa, p. 786.
  5. Varley, p. 216.
  6. Titsingh, pp. 206-207; Brown, p. 334; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-5-22.
  7. Titsingh, p. 207.

Other websites[change | change source]


Juei 1st 2nd 3rd
Gregorian 1182 1183 1184
Preceded by:
Yōwa
Era or nengō:
Juei
Succeeded by:
Genryaku