Taihō (era)

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Taihō (大宝?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,?, lit. "year name") after a late 7th century interruption in the sequence of nengō after Shuchō and before Keiun. This period started in March 701 and ended in May 704.[1] The reigning emperor was Mommu-tennō (文武天皇?).[2]

History[change | change source]

The system of nengō mirrored the Chinese system of eras (nianhao).[3] The use of nengō marked a new phase in the history of the Imperial court. It became an example of growth in political power.[4]

Taihō was adopted to mark the discovery of gold in Tsushima.[5]

Timeline[change | change source]

Timelines of early Japanese nengō and Imperial reign dates
Emperor Mommu Empress Jitō Emperor Temmu Emperor Kōbun Emperor Tenji Empress Saimei Emperor Kōtoku Keiun Taihō (era) Shuchō Hakuchi (era) Taika (era) Empress Gemmei Empress Kōgyoku

The system of Japanese era names was not the same as Imperial reign dates.

Events of the Taihō era[change | change source]

  • 701 (Taihō 1): Plans for mission to the Tang court was approved.[6]
  • 702 (Taihō 2): The Taihō Code or "Code of Taihō" (大宝律令 Taihō-ritsuryō?) or Taihōryō reorganized Japan's government.[7] It completed the Taika Reforms.[8]
  • 701 (Taihō 2): A mission to the Tang court was led by Awata no Mahito (粟田真人?). The diplomats travelled by ship.[6] This was called the "embassy of Taihō" because it was begun during this era.[9]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Taihō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 924.
  2. Nussbaum, "Mommu Tennō," p. 655; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 60-63; Brown, Delmer. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 270-271; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 137-140.
  3. Nussbaum, "Taika" at p. 924.
  4. Bialock, David T. (2007). Eccentric Spaces, Hidden Histories: Narrative, Ritual, and Royal Authority from the Chronicles of Japan to the Tale of the Heike, pp. 56-57.
  5. Bender, Ross. (2009). "The Suppresion of the Tachibana Naramaro Conspiracy," Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 37/2:225; compare mirrored full-text; retrieved 2012-10-23.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Fogel, Joshua A. (2009). Articulating the Sinosphere: Sino-Japanese Relations in Space and Time, pp. 102-107; publisher's blurb;
  7. Nussbaum, "Taihō ritsuryō" at p. 924.
  8. Asakawa, Kan'ichi. (1903). The Early Institutional Life of Japan, p. 13; Nussbaum, "Taika no kaishin" at p. 924.
  9. Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1962). Sovereign and Subject, p. 244.

Other websites[change | change source]


Taihō 1st 2nd 3rd 4th
Gregorian 701 702 703 704
Preceded by:
——
Era or nengō:
Taihō
Succeeded by:
Keiun
Preceded by:
Jitō period
686—697
Imperial reign:
Mommu period
697—707
Succeeded by:
——