Tenpyō-hōji

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Tenpyō-hōji (天平宝字?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,?, lit. "year name") after Tenpyō-shōhō and before Tenpyō-jingo. This period spanned the years from August 757 through January 765.[1] The reigning monarchs were Junnin-tennō (淳仁天皇?).[2] and Shōtoku-tennō (称徳天皇?).[3]

Events of the Tenpyō-hōji era[change | edit source]

Copper coin used in the Tenpyō-hōji era
  • 757 (Tenpyō-hōji 1'): The new era began in the 8th month of Tenpyō-shōhō 9.[4]
  • 760 (Tenpyō-hōji 4): Newly minted coins were put into circulation – each copper coin bearing the words Mannen Ten-hō, each silver coin bearing the words Teihei Genhō, and each gold coin bearing the words Kaiki Shōhō.[5]
  • 26 January 765 (Tenpyō-hōji 9, 1st day of the 1st month): In the 6th year of Junnin's reign, the emperor was removed from his role as monarch; and the succession (senso) was received by former-Empress Kōken. Soon after, Empress Shōtoku's reign was confirmed by ceremonies (sokui).[6]

Related pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Tenpyō-hōji" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 957.
  2. Nussbaum, "Junnin Tennō," p. 437; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 75-78; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, p. 275.
  3. Nussbaum, "Shōtoku Tennō," p. 888; Titsingh, Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 78-81; Brown, p. 276; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 145.
  4. Brown, p. 274.
  5. Appert, Georges. (1888). Ancien japon, pp. 29-30.
  6. Brown, p. 276; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-5-22.

Other websites[change | edit source]


Tenpyō-hōji 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th
757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765
Preceded by:
Tenpyō-shōhō
Era or nengō:
Tenpyō-hōji
Succeeded by:
Tenpyō-jingo