Kenkyū

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Kenkyū (建久?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,?, lit. "year name") after Bunji and before Shōji. This period started in April 1190 and ended in April 1199.[1] The reigning emperor was Go-Toba-tennō (後鳥羽天皇?).[2]

Events of the Kenkyū era[change | change source]

  • 1191 (Kenkyū 2): Esai brings Zen Buddhism to Japan[3]
  • 26 April 1192 (Kenkyū 3, 13th day of the 3rd month): Former-Emperor Go-Shirakawa died at the age of 66.[4] He had been father or grandfather to five emperors -- Emperor Nijō, the 78th emperor; Emperor Rokujō, the 79th emperor; Emperor Takakura, the 80th emperor; Emperor Antoku, the 81st emperor; and Go-Toba, the 82nd emperor.[5]
  • 21 August 1192 (Kenkyū 3, 12th day of the 7th month): Minamoto Yoritomo was named leader of the forces to fight the in the north of Japan.[6]
  • 15 April 1195 (Kenkyū 6, 4th day of the 3rd month): Shogun Yoritomo visited the capital.[6]
  • 18 February 1198 (Kenkyū 9, 11th day of the 1st month): In the 15th year of Go-Toba's reign, the emperor abdicated; and the succession (senso) was received by his eldest son.[7]
  • 1198 (Kenkyū 9, 3rd month): Emperor Tsuchimikado accepted his official role as emperor (sokui).[8]
  • 9 February 1199 (Kenkyū 10, 13th day of the 1st month): Shogun Yoritomo died at age 53 in Kamakura.[6]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kenkyū" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 509.
  2. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 207-221; Brown, Delmer. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 334-339; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 215-220.
  3. What is Zen? History; retrieved 2012-4-29.
  4. Brown, p. 337; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 後白河天皇 (77); retrieved 2012-5-22.
  5. Varley, p. 208; Kitagawa et al. (1975). The Tale of the Heike, p. 788.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Kitagawa, p. 788.
  7. Brown, p. 339; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Kunaichō, Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-5-22.
  8. Titsingh, p. 221; Varley, p. 44.

Other websites[change | change source]

Kenkyū 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th
1190 1191 1192 1193 1194 1195 1196 1197 1198 1199
Preceded by:
Bunji
Era or nengō:
Kenkyū
Succeeded by:
Shōji