Tenpyō-shōhō (天平勝宝) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, , lit. "year name") after Tenpyō-kanpō and before Tenpyō-hōji. This period started in July 749 and ended in August 757. The reigning monarchs were Kōken-tennō (孝謙天皇) and Junnin-tennō (淳仁天皇).
Tenpyō-shōhō means "Heavenly Peace and Victorious Treasure".
Events of the Tenpyō-shōhō era [change]
- 749 (Tenpyō-shōhō 1): Emperor Shōmu abdicated, and his daughter receives the succession (senso). Soon after, Empress Kōken's role as monarch is confirmed by ceremonies (sokui).
- 752 (Tenpyō-shōhō 4, 4th month): The Eye-opening Ceremony celebrating the completion of the Great Buddha is held at Tōdai-ji in Nara.
- 5 September 750 (Tenpyō-shōhō 2, 1st day of the 8th month): In the 10th year of Kōken's reign, the empress abdicated; and succession (senso) was received by her adopted son. Emperor Junnin's new position is confirmed by ceremonies (sokui).
- 756 (Tenpyō-shōhō 2, 5th month): Former-Emperor Shōmu died at age 56.
Related pages [change]
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Tenpyō-shōhō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 957.
- Nussbaum, "Kōken Tennō," pp. 547-548; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 73-75; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 274-275; Varley, Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 143-144.
- Nussbaum, "Junnin Tennō," p. 437; Brown, p. 276.
- Bowman, John. (2000). Columbia Chronologies of Asian History and Culture, p. 127.
- Brown, Gukanshō, p. 275; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-5-22.
- Titsingh, p. 74.
- Titsingh, p. 75; Brown, p. 275; Varley, p. 144.
- Titsingh, p. 74; Bernstein, Andrew. (2006). Modern Passings: Death Rites, Politics, And Social Change in Imperial Japan, p. 24; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 聖武天皇 (45); retrieved 2012-5-22.
Other websites [change]
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
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