Jōgen (Kamakura period)

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Jōgen (承元?), also known as Shōgen, was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, lit. year name) after Ken'ei and before Kenryaku. This period spanned the years from October 1207 through March 1211.[1] The reigning emperors were Tsuchimikado-tennō (土御門天皇?) and Juntoku-tennō (順徳天皇?).[2]

Events of the Jōgen era[change | change source]

The emperor visited Kumano Shrine in the 2nd year and again in the 4th year of Jōgen
  • 1208 (Jōgen 2, 6th month): Tsuchimikado went to the Kumano Sanzan Shrine.[3]
  • 1210 (Jōgen 4, 5th month): The emperor returned to the Kumano Shrine.[4]
  • 1210 (Jōgen 4, 6th month): Tsuchimikado accepted Hideyasu of Kazusa as part of the court.[4]
  • 1210 (Jōgen 4, 8th month): The emperor visited the Kasuga Shrine.[4]
  • 1210 (Jōgen 4, 9th month): A comet with a very long tail appeared in the night sky.[4]
  • 1210 (Jōgen 4, 25th day of the 11th month): In the 12th year of Tsuchimikado's reign, the emperor abdicated for no particular reason; and the succession (senso) was received by his younger brother, the second son of the former-Emperor Go-Toba. Soon after, Emperor Juntoku's role as emperor was confirmed (sokui).[5]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Jōgen" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 429.
  2. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 221-231; Brown, Delmer. (1979). Gukanshō, p. 340; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 220-221.
  3. Titsingh, p. 229.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Titsingh, 230.
  5. Titsingh, p. 230; Brown, p. 341; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-5-22.

Other websites[change | change source]


Jōgen 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th
1207 1208 1209 1210 1211
Preceded by:
Ken'ei
Era or nengō:
Jōgen
Succeeded by:
Kenryaku