Hōreki (宝暦), also known as Horyaku, was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, , lit. "year name") after Kan'en and before Meiwa. The period started in October 1751 and ended in June 1764. During this time, the emperor and emperess were Momozono-tennō (桃園天皇) and Go-Sakuramachi-tennō (後桜町天皇).
Events of the Hōreki era[change | change source]
The previous era ended in 1751 (Kan'en 4, 27th day of the 10th month); however, this nengō was created years later. By Imperial command, the era was re-named on December 2, 1754, which then became 19th day of the 10th month of the 4th year of Hōreki.
- 1754 (Hōreki 4): Shimazu clan was ordered to complete Kizo River flood control project
- 1755 (Hōreki 5): Calendar reform by Abe Yasukuni, Shibukawa Kōkyō and Nishiyama Seikyū is named Horiki Kojutsu Gen-reki (Hōryaku calendar)
- 1758 (Hōreki 8): Takenouchi Shikibu and others taught Confucianism and martial arts to the emperor in Kyoto.
- 1760 (Hōreki 10): Shogun Tokugawa Ieshige resigned and his son, Tokugawa Ieharu, became the 10th shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate.
- 1762 (Hōreki 12): Emperor Momozono abdicated; and the succession passed to his sister (senso). Soon after, Empress Go-Sakuramachi's role as monarch was confirmed by ceremonies (sokui).
- 31 August 1762 (Hōreki 12, 12th day of the 7th month): Former-Emperor Momozono died.
- 1763 (Hōreki 13): A merchant association handling Korean ginseng is founded in the Kanda district of Edo.
- 1764 (Hōreki 14): Sweet potatoes are exported from Edo to Korea. The food crop in Korea is the result of a diplomatic mission.
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- Pnkala, Maria. (1980) "A survey of Japanese ceramics: a handbook for the collector, p. 245.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hōreki" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 352.
- Nussbaum, "Momozono Tennō," p. 656.
- Nussbaum, "Tennō," pp. 962-963; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 418.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1956). Kyoto: the Old Capital of Japan, 794-1869, p. 321.
- Titsingh, p. 418.
- Yamamoto, Shūgorō et al. (2006). The Flower Mat, p. 13; Japan Water Agency, Nagara Estuary Barrage Operation and Maintenance Office, "Flood Control During the Horeki Period" retrieved 2011-12-13.
- Nussbaum, "Abe Yasukuni" at p. 4.
- Nussbaum, "Shibukawa Shunkai" at p. 850.
- Nussbaum, "Hōreki Kōjutsu Genreki" at p. 352.
- Nussbaum, "Hōreki Jiken" at p. 352.
- Titsingh, p. 419.
- Meyer, Eva-Maria. (1999). Japans Kaiserhof in der Edo-Zeit, pp. 49; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Kunaichō, Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-6-30.
- Meyer, p. 186; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 桃園天皇 (116); retrieved 2012-5-27.
- Hall, John Whitney. (1988). The Cambridge History of Japan, p. xxiii.
- Kim, Jinwung. (2012). A History of Korea: From 'Land of the Morning Calm' to States in Conflict, p. 255.
Other websites[change | change source]
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
|Era or nengō: