Jōwa (Heian period)

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Jōwa (承和?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,?, lit. "year name") after Tenchō and before Kashō. This period started in January 834 and ended in July 848.[1] During this time, the emperors were Junna-tennō (淳和天皇?) and Ninmyō-tennō (仁明天皇?).[2]

Events of the Jōwa era[change | edit source]

In Jōwa 1, a cherry tree was planted in the main courtyard of the Heian Palace

There were disturbances when Emperor Junna abdicated; and this time was called Jōwa no Hen.[3]

  • 834 (Jōwa 1): Kukai was permitted to create a Buddhist chapel at the Imperial Palace.[5]
  • 11 June 840 (Jōwa 7, 8th day of the 5th month): Former-Emperor Junna died at the age of 55.[6]
  • 841 (Jōwa 8, 11th month): A broom star was seen in the west.[7]

Coins minted from 835 to 847 were known as Jōwa-shōhō.[10]

Related pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Jōwa" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 434.
  2. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales empereurs du Japon, pp. 106-111; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, p. 284; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 164-165.
  3. Nussbaum, "Jōwa no Hen" at p. 434.
  4. Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1956). Kyoto: the Old Capital of Japan, p. 63.
  5. Kukai. (1972). Kūkai: Major Works (S. Hakeda, editor), p. 59.
  6. Brown, p. 284; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): 淳和天皇 (53); retrieved 2011-12-27.
  7. Pankenier, David et al. (2008). Archaeoastronomy in East Asia: Historical Observational Records of Comets and Meteor Showers from China, Japan, and Korea, p. 98.
  8. Brown, p. 282; Varley, p. 163; Kunaichō, 嵯峨天皇 (52); retrieved 2012-5-22.
  9. Nussbaum, "Nihon Kōki" at p. 709.
  10. Nussbaum, "Jōwa-shōhō" at p. 434.

Other websites[change | edit source]


Jōwa 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th
834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848
Preceded by:
Tenchō
Era or nengō:
Jōwa
Succeeded by:
Kashō