Bunroku (文禄) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, , lit. "year name") after Tenshō and before Keichō. This period started in December 1592 and ended in 1596. During this time, the emperor was Go-Yōzei-tennō (後陽成天皇).
Events of the Bunroku era[change | edit source]
- 1592 (Bunroku 1): Toyotomi Hideyoshi invaded Korea (Bunroku no Eki), also known as Bunroku-Keichō no Eki.
- 1592 (Bunroku 1): Ogasawara Sadayori discovered the Bonin Islands; and the territory was granted to him as a fief by Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
- 1592 (Bunroku 1): Silver coins called Bunroku-tsūhō were minted . Copper coins were issued at the same time, but none are known to have survived.
Land reform and a general census of the population and a national survey are undertaken in 1589-1595.
References[change | edit source]
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Bunroku" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 92.
- Nussbaum, "Go-Yōzei Tennō," p. 265; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 402-405.
- Watsky, Andrew Mark. (2004). Chikubushima: Deploying the Sacred Arts in Momoyama Japan, p. 24; Hall, John Whitney. (1991). Early Modern Japan, p. 14.
- Titsingh, p. 405.
- Nussbaum, "Bunroku Keichō no Eki" at 92.
- Cholmondeley, Lionel Berners. (1915). The History of the Bonin Islands from the Year 1827 to the Year 1876; retrieved 2011-12-7..
- Nussbaum, "Bunroku-tsūhō" at 92.
- Nussbaum, "Ōgimachi Tennō" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 739; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): 正親町天皇 (106)
- Nussbaum, "Toyotomi Hideyori" at p. 993.
- Nussbaum, "Toyotomi Hidetsugu" at p. 993.
- Nussbaum, "Bunroku no Kenchi" at 92.
Other websites[change | edit source]
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
|Era or nengō: