Hōtoku

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Hōtoku (宝徳?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,?, lit. "year name") after Bun'an and before Kyotoku. This period started in July 1449 and ended in July 1452.[1] During this time, the emperor was Go-Hanazono-tennō (後花園天皇?).[2]

Events of the Hōtoku era[change | change source]

Portrait of Ashikaga Yoshimasa who was honored by the emperor in the 1st year of Hōtoku
  • 8 May 1449 (Hōtoku 1, 16th day of the 4th month): Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimasa is honored with the gift of a sword from the emperor.[3]
  • 1451 (Hōtoku 3, 8th month ): Shogun Yoshimasa sent a letter to the Emperor of China.[4]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hōtoku" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 360.
  2. Nussbaum, "Go-Hanazono Tennō," p. 252; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 331-347.
  3. Titsingh, p. 345.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Titsingh, p. 346; Satow, Ernest. (1882) "Notes on Loochoo" in Transactions of the Asiatic Society of Japan, Vols. 1-2, p. 1, citing Arai Hakuseki. The Ryukyuan embassy in Edo was mentioned in an 1832 French translation of Sangoku Tsūran Zusetsu (三国通覧図説 An Illustrated Description of Three Countries?) by Hayashi Shihei -- see Klaproth, Julius. (1832). San kokf tsou ran to sets, ou Aperçu général des trois royaumes, pp. 176.

Other websites[change | change source]


Hōtoku 1st 2nd 3rd 4th
1449 1450 1451 1452
Preceded by:
Bun'an
Era or nengō:
Hōtoku
Succeeded by:
Kyōtoku