Enkyō (Edo period)

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Enkyō (延享?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,?, lit. "year name") after Kanpō and before Kan'en. This period started in February 1744 and ended in July 1748.[1] During this time the, emperors were Sakuramachi-tennō (桜町天皇?)[2] and Momozono-tennō (桃園天皇?).[3]

Events of Enkyō era[change | change source]

Map of Japan made in Paris in 1746 (3rd year of Enkyō)
  • 1744 (Enkyō 1): Great comet was visible in sky for many months; this comet is now identified as C/1743 X1 (De Cheseaux).[4]
  • 1745 (Enkyō 2): First market fair in the capital region.[5]
  • 1745 (Enkyō 2, 2nd month): A great fire sweeps through Edo.[5]
  • 9 June 1747 (Enkyō 4, 21st day of the 4th month): Sakuramachi abdicated; and the succession passed to his son (senso). Soon after, Emperor Momozono's role as monarch was confirmed by ceremonies (sokui).[6]

Related pages[change | change source]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Enkyō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 179.
  2. Nussbaum, "Sakuramachi Tennō," p. 814.
  3. Nussbaum, "Momozono Tennō," p. 656; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 417-418.
  4. Zhuang, T. (1988). Acta Astronomica Sinica, v29:2, p. 208; Harvard-Smithsonian/NASA Astrophysics Data System; retrieved 2011-12-15.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Titsingh, p. 418.
  6. Meyer, Eva-Maria. (1999). Japans Kaiserhof in der Edo-Zeit, pp. 47; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-6-30.

Other websites[change | change source]


Enkyō 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th
1744 1745 1746 1747 1748
Preceded by:
Kanpō
Era or nengō:
Enkyō
Succeeded by:
Kan'en