Shōhei

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For the Japanese era from 931 through 938, see Jōhei.

Shōhei (正平?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, lit. year name) of the Southern Court during the Nanboku-chō period after Kōkoku and before Kentoku. This period started in December 1346 and ended in July 1370.[1]

The monarchs during this time were Emperor Go-Murakami (後村上天皇 Go-Murakami-tennō?)[2] and Emperor Chōkei (長慶天皇 Chōkei-tennō?).[3] The Northern Court pretenders in Kyoto were Emperor Kōmyō (光明天皇 Kōmyō-tennō?),[4] Emperor Sukō (崇光天皇 Sukō-tennō?)[5] and Emperor Go-Kōgon (後光厳天皇 Go-Kōgon-tennō?).[6]

Events of the Shōhei era[change | edit source]

  • 1349 (Shōhei 4): Go-Murakami fled to A'no.[8]
  • 1350 (Kannō 5): Yoshinori guarded Kyoto.[9]
  • 1352 (Shōhei 7): Emperor Go-Murakami captured former-emperors Kōgon, Kōmyō and Sukō; and they were permitted to return to Kyoto in 1357 (Shōhei 12).[11]
  • 1361 (Shōhei 16): Snowfall was unusually heavy; and there was also a disastrous fire in Kyoto as well as a violent earthquake.[13]
  • 29 March 1368 (Shōhei 23, 11th day of the 3rd month): Go-Murakami died;[15] and his oldest son received the succession.[8]

Northern Court nengō[change | edit source]

Related pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Shōhei" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 880.
  2. Nussbaum, "Go-Murakami Tennō," p. 257.
  3. Nussbaum, "Chōkei Tennō," p. 120.
  4. Nussbaum, "Kōmyō Tennō," p. 555.
  5. Nussbaum, "Sukō Tennō," p. 991.
  6. Nussbaum, "Go-Kōgon Tennō," p. 255.
  7. Carpenter, John T. (2006), The Fujii Eikan Bunko Collection, imperial calligraphy of premodern Japan : scribal conventions for poems and letters from the palace, p. 74; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 花園天皇 (95); retrieved 2012-10-1.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 Ackroyd, Joyce. (1982) Lessons from History: the Tokushi Yoron, p.329.
  9. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 299.
  10. Nussbaum, "Kannō no Juran," p. 474.
  11. Titsingh, p. 303.
  12. Titsingh, p. 304.
  13. Titsingh, p. 305.
  14. Titsingh, p. 308.
  15. Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 138; Kunaichō, 後村上天皇 (97); retrieved 2012-10-2.

Other websites[change | edit source]


Shōhei 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th
1346 1347 1348 1349 1350 1351 1352 1353 1354 1355 1356 1357 1358 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 1364 1365
Shōhei 11st 12nd 13rd 14th 15th
1366 1367 1368 1369 1370
Preceded by:
Kōkoku
Era or nengō:
Shōhei
Succeeded by:
Kentoku