Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic

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Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic
Українська Радянська Соціалістична Республіка
Украинская Советская Социалистическая Республика

 

 

 

1919–1991
Flag State Emblem
Motto
Пролетарі всіх країн, єднайтеся!  (Ukrainian)
Proletari vsikh krayin, yednaitesia!  (transliteration)
"Workers of the world, unite!"
Anthem
Державний гімн Української Радянської Соціалістичної Республіки  (Ukrainian)
Derzhavnyy himn Ukrayins'koyi Radyans'koyi Sotsialistychnoyi Respubliky  (transliteration)
"National Anthem of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic"
The Ukrainian SSR as part of the Soviet Union.
Capital Kharkiv (1919–1934)[1]
Kiev (1934–1991)[2]
Language(s) Ukrainian, Russian[3]
Government Socialist republic
Head of party
 - 1918–1919 Emanuel Kviring (first)
 - 1990–1991 Stanislav Hurenko (last)
Head of government
 - 1919–1923 Christian Rakovsky (first)
 - 1988–1991 Vitold Fokin (last)
Head of state
 - 1919–1938 Grigory Petrovsky (first)
 - 1990–1991 Leonid Kravchuk (last)
Legislature Verkhovna Rada
Historical era Russian Civil War, WWII, Cold War
 - Republic declared 10 March 1919
 - Admitted to USSR 30 December 1922
 - Annexation of Western Ukraine 15 November 1939
 - UN Membership 24 October 1945
 - Independence Act 24 August 1991
 - Formalised 25 December 1991
Area
 - 1989 census 603,700 km2 (233,090 sq mi)
Population
 - 1989 census est. 51,706,746 
     Density 85.6 /km2  (221.8 /sq mi)
Currency Soviet karbovanets
Medals: Leninorder.jpg Order of Lenin Hero of the USSR.png Four Hero cities

The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic or in short, the Ukrainian SSR or Soviet Ukraine was a sovereign Soviet Socialist state. It was one of the fifteen republics of the Soviet Union. This lasted from 1922 to 1991.

The Ukrainian SSR was a founding member of the United Nations.[4] It did not really have much power because it was tightly controlled by Moscow authorities. When the Soviet Union broke apart, the Ukrainian SSR became Ukraine.

During its 72-year history, the republic's borders changed many times. The eastern city of Kharkiv was the republic's first capital. However, in 1934, it was moved to the city of Kiev. Kiev is still the capital of Ukraine.

References[change | change source]

  1. "History" (in Ukrainian). Kharkiv Oblast Government Administration. http://kharkivoda.gov.ua/uk/article/view/id/4/. Retrieved 16 April 2011.
  2. (in Ukrainian) Soviet Encyclopedia of the History of Ukraine. Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR. 1969-1972.
  3. Language Policy in the Soviet Union by Lenore Grenoble, Springer Science+Business Media, 2003, ISBN 978-1-4020-1298-3
  4. "Activities of the Member States - Ukraine". United Nations. http://www.un.org/depts/dhl/unms/ukraine.shtml. Retrieved 2011-01-17.

Coordinates: 50°27′N 30°30′E / 50.45°N 30.5°E / 50.45; 30.5