|Allied Occupation Zones in Germany|
Occupation zones in Germany (1945)
|Capital||Berlin (de jure)|
|Political structure||Military occupation|
|•||UK zone||Field Marshal Montgomery|
|•||French zone||General Lattre de Tassigny|
|•||US zone||General Eisenhower|
|•||Soviet zone||Marshal Zhukov|
|Historical era||Cold War|
|•||Surrender||May 8, 1945|
|•||Allied Control Council||July 5, 1945 1945|
|•||Saar protectorate||December 15, 1947|
|•||West Germany||23 May, 1949|
|•||East Germany||7 October, 1949 1949|
|•||Final Settlement¹||September 12, 1990|
|¹ German reunification took place on October 3, 1990.
They were occupied by the allied powers who defeated Germany (the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States) and by France. This was done for administrative purposes during the period 1945-1949.
In the closing weeks of fighting in Europe the American forces had actually pushed beyond the previously agreed upon occupation zone boundaries, sometimes by as much as 200 miles. After about two months of holding certain areas meant to be in the Soviet zone, the American forces withdrew during July 1945.