Anglo-Dutch Wars

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Anglo-Dutch Wars

Dutch attack on the Medway during the Second Anglo-Dutch War by Pieter Cornelisz van Soest, c. 1667.
Result Dutch domination of world trade until 1713.
 Dutch Republic
Denmark Denmark–Norway
 England (–1707)
 Great Britain (1707–)
Commanders and leaders
Dutch Republic Michiel de Ruyter
Dutch Republic Maarten Tromp
England The Duke of York
England Robert Blake
Kingdom of France Louis XIV
Kingdom of France Jean II d'Estrées
Dutch Republic
600 warships
1,500 Marines
50 soldiers
Fortress, 250 soldiers
650 warships
300 soldiers
60 ships
Casualties and losses
Dutch Republic
56 warships lost
20 warships captured
10,150 dead
20,000 wounded
2,500 captured
8 dead
10 civilians killed
40 warships lost
18 warships captured
13,310 dead
25,000 wounded
2,000 captured
400 killed

The Anglo-Dutch Wars (Dutch: Engels–Nederlandse Oorlogen or Engelse Zeeoorlogen) were a series of wars fought between the Dutch Republic and the Kingdom of England and later the United Kingdom of Great Britain during the 17th and 18th centuries. They fought for control over trade routes on the seas. All of the wars were mostly fought by naval warfare.

The First War (1652–1654) took place during the Interregnum in England, the period after the English Civil War when England did not have a king or a queen. The war was fought between the navies of England and the Dutch Republic (also known as the United Provinces). It mainly took place in the English Channel and the North Sea. It ended with the Royal Navy of England gaining control of those seas and a monopoly over trade with the English colonies.[1]

The Second (1665–1667) and the Third (1672–1674) Wars happened after the English Restoration of the monarchy. England tried to end the Dutch monopoly over world trade. Most of the fighting in both wars was done in the North Sea. In the Third War, England fought alongside France. Both wars ended in strong victories for the Dutch and confirmed their position as the leading maritime power of the 17th century. The English took New Netherland, and the Dutch let them keep it in return for Suriname.

The Fourth War (1780–1784) took place after the Acts of Union 1707 in Great Britain and involved the Dutch Republic and Great Britain. The main cause was that Britain disagreed with the Dutch trading with the United States during the American Revolutionary War. The war ended with the Treaty of Paris (1784) and ended with a very big defeat for the Dutch,[2] who lost parts of the Dutch Empire.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Rickard, J. (11 December 2000), First Anglo-Dutch War (1652-1654), History of War.
  2. Edler, F. (2001) [1911], The Dutch Republic and The American Revolution, Honolulu, Hawaii: University Press of the Pacific, p. 88, ISBN 0-89875-269-8

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