|Mission name||Apollo 14|
callsign Kitty Hawk
mass 29,240 kg
mass 15,264 kg
|Booster||Saturn V SA-509|
|Launch pad||LC 39A
Kennedy Space Center
|Launch date||January 31, 1971
February 5, 1971 09:18:11 UTC
(based on the IAU
Mean Earth Polar Axis coordinate system)
|Lunar EVA duration||First 04:47:50
|Lunar surface time||1 d 09 h 30 m 29 s|
|Lunar sample mass||42.28 kg (93.21 lb)|
|Time in lunar orbit||2 d 18 h 35 m 39 s|
|Landing||February 9, 1971
|Mission duration||9 d 00 h 01 m 58 s|
Left to right: Roosa, Shepard, Mitchell
Apollo 14 was the eighth manned mission in the Apollo program. It was the third mission to land on the Moon. The nine-day mission left the Earth on January 31, 1971, and landed on the Moon on February 5. The Lunar Module landed in the Fra Mauro formation; this had been the target of the ill-fated Apollo 13 mission. During the two walks on the Moon's surface, 93.2 lb (42 kg) of moon rock was collected. Several experiments, including seismic studies, were carried out. Commander Alan Shepard famously hit two golf balls on the lunar surface with a makeshift club he had brought from Earth. Command Module Pilot Stuart Roosa took several hundred seeds on the mission, many of which were planted on return, resulting in the so-called Moon trees. The pilot of the Lunar Module was Dr. Edgar Mitchell.
LRO finds the site[change | change source]
In June 2009, the NASA Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter was able to photograph the Apollo 14 landing site. The base of the lunar module and the astronauts footprints on the Moon's suface could be clearly seen.
References[change | change source]
- Richard W. Orloff. "Apollo by the Numbers: A Statistical Reference (SP-4029)". NASA. http://history.nasa.gov/SP-4029/Apollo_00g_Table_of_Contents.htm.
- "The Moon Trees" (in English). NASA. http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/lunar/moon_tree.html. Retrieved 2009-12-23.
- "New images of Moon landing sites". news.bbc.co.uk. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/8157368.stm. Retrieved 2009-07-19.
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