Aretha Franklin

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Aretha Franklin
Aretha franklin 1960s cropped retouched.jpg
Born Aretha Louise Franklin
(1942-03-25)March 25, 1942
Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.
Died August 16, 2018(2018-08-16) (aged 76)
Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
Cause of death Pancreatic cancer
Occupation
Spouse(s) Ted White (m. 1961; div. 1969)
Glynn Turman (m. 1978; div. 1984)
Children 4
Musical career
Origin Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
Genres
Instruments
Years active 1956–2018
Labels
Associated acts

Aretha Louise Franklin (March 25, 1942 – August 16, 2018) was an American soul and R&B singer. She was called the "Queen of Soul". She was best known for her songs "Respect", "Think", "Chain of Fools",[1] and "(You Make Me Feel Like) A Natural Woman".

Early life and career: 1942–60[change | change source]

Aretha Franklin's birthplace at 406 Lucy Ave. in Memphis, Tennessee

Aretha Louise Franklin was born at a two-room house in Memphis located at 406 Lucy St.[2] She was the third of four children born to Barbara (née Siggers) and C.L. Franklin and the fifth of six overall in between past relationships by her parents. Franklin's family moved to Buffalo, when Franklin was two, and then by four, had settled in Detroit. Following the move to Detroit, Franklin's parents, who had a troubled marriage, split. Due to her father's work as a Baptist minister, Franklin was primarily raised by her grandmother, Rachel. Franklin suffered a tragedy when her mother died in Buffalo when Aretha was ten. Franklin sang in church at an early age and learned how to play piano by ear. By her late preteens, Franklin was regularly singing solo numbers in her father's New Bethel Baptist Church. Franklin's father, C.L. (short for Clarence LaVaughn), was a respected and popular preacher. Franklin grew up with local and national celebrities hanging out at her father's home including gospel greats Albertina Walker and her group The Caravans, Mahalia Jackson and Clara Ward, three women who played a pivotal role in her vocal development as a child.

Later life: 1961–2018[change | change source]

Franklin married Ted White in 1961 but divorced him in 1969. She had four sons.[3]

Honours[change | change source]

Franklin is one of the most honored artists by the Grammy Awards, with 18 competitive Grammys and two honorary Grammys. She had 20 #1 singles on the Billboard R&B Singles Chart and two #1 hits on the Billboard Hot 100: "Respect" (1967) and "I Knew You Were Waiting (For Me)" (1987), a duet with George Michael. Since 1961, she had a total of 45 Top 40 hits on the Billboard Hot 100. She also had 14 singles that sold more than one million – more than any other female artist. Between 1967 and 1982 she had 10 #1 R&B albums – more than any other female artist.

Rolling Stone magazine ranked her at top of its list "The Greatest Singers of All Time"[4] In 2005, she was awarded The Presidential Medal of Freedom by President George W. Bush. On February 6, 2006, she performed, along with Aaron Neville, "The Star-Spangled Banner" at Super Bowl XL. The same year she got an honorary Doctor of Music degree by the Berklee College of Music.2010, Franklin received an Honorary Doctorate in Music from Yale University.[5]

In 1987, Franklin became the first female artist to be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.[6] She was the only featured singer at the 2009 presidential inauguration of Barack Obama.

Health[change | change source]

In 2010, Franklin underwent cancer surgery for purported pancreatic cancer.[7] In 2013, she cancelled two tours due to an unknown illness.[8]

In 2017, Franklin cancelled many concerts due to an unknown illness. She asked her fans to keep her in their prayers.[9]

Final illness and death[change | change source]

On August 13, 2018, Franklin was reported to be gravely ill at her home near Detroit.[10][11][12] She was reported to be under hospice care and surrounded by friends and family. Stevie Wonder and Jesse Jackson, among others, had visited her.[13] Franklin died at home in Detroit on August 16, aged 76. The cause was reported to be advanced pancreatic cancer.[14][15]

Grammy Awards[change | change source]

Aretha Franklin's 18 Grammy Award Wins
# Year Category Genre Title
1 1968 Best Rhythm & Blues Recording R&B Respect
2 1968 Best Female R&B Vocal Performance R&B Respect
3 1969 Best Female R&B Vocal Performance R&B Chain Of Fools
4 1970 Best Female R&B Vocal Performance R&B Share Your Love With Me
5 1971 Best Female R&B Vocal Performance R&B Don't Play That Song For Me
6 1972 Best Female R&B Vocal Performance R&B Bridge Over Troubled Water
7 1973 Best Female R&B Vocal Performance R&B Young, Gifted and Black (album)
8 1973 Best Soul Gospel Performance Gospel Amazing Grace (album)
9 1974 Best Female R&B Vocal Performance R&B Master Of Eyes
10 1975 Best Female R&B Vocal Performance R&B Ain't Nothing Like The Real Thing
11 1982 Best Female R&B Vocal Performance R&B Hold On...I'm Comin' (album track)
12 1986 Best Female R&B Vocal Performance R&B Freeway Of Love
13 1988 Best Female R&B Vocal Performance R&B Aretha (album)
14 1988 Best R&B Performance – Duo Or Group with Vocals R&B I Knew You Were Waiting (For Me) (with George Michael)
15 1989 Best Soul Gospel Performance – Female Gospel One Lord, One Faith, One Baptism (album)
* 1991 Living Legend Award Special
* 1994 Lifetime Achievement Award Special
16 2004 Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance R&B Wonderful
17 2006 Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance R&B A House Is Not A Home
18 2008 Best Gospel-Soul Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group Gospel Never Gonna Break My Faith (with Mary J. Blige)

Discography[change | change source]

Top 10 US Hot 100 singles
Year Title Peak
1967 "I Never Loved a Man (The Way I Love You)" 9
1967 "Respect" 1
1967 "Baby I Love You" 4
1967 "(You Make Me Feel Like) A Natural Woman" 8
1967 "Chain of Fools" 2
1968 "(Sweet Sweet Baby) Since You've Been Gone" 5
1968 "Think" 7
1968 "The House That Jack Built" 6
1968 "I Say a Little Prayer" 10
1971 "Bridge Over Troubled Water" / "Brand New Me" 6
1971 "Spanish Harlem" 2
1971 "Rock Steady" 9
1972 "Day Dreaming" 5
1973 "Until You Come Back to Me (That's What I'm Gonna Do)" 3
1985 "Who's Zoomin Who?" 7
1985 "Freeway of Love" 3
1987 "I Knew You Were Waiting (For Me)" (with George Michael) 1

References[change | change source]

  1. Hear Aretha Franklin (music and interviews) on the Pop Chronicles (1969).
  2. "Sister Ree's Scrapbook, An Aretha Franklin Photo Gallery 13". Retrieved 2010-11-06. 
  3. "Remembering the Queen of Soul: Aretha Franklin's Life in Photos". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved 2018-08-16. 
  4. https://www.rollingstone.com/music/lists/6027/32782/32784
  5. http://newsone.com/nation/news-one-staff/aretha-franklin-receives-honorary-doctorate-from-yale
  6. Future Rock Legends, Rock Hall Class of 1987
  7. "Aretha Franklin Sets The Record Straight on Her Health". Access Hollywood. January 13, 2011. 
  8. Lewis, Randy (May 13, 2013). "Aretha Franklin cancels 2 shows for undisclosed ailment". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 17, 2013. 
  9. Adam Graham (June 10, 2017). "Aretha Franklin gives Detroit something to remember". The Detroit News. Retrieved August 4, 2017. 
  10. "Aretha Franklin said to be 'seriously ill'". BBC Online. BBC News. August 13, 2018. Retrieved August 13, 2018. 
  11. Huschka, Amy (August 14, 2018). "Aretha Franklin 'gravely ill' in Detroit". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved August 15, 2018. 
  12. Dickson, James David (August 15, 2018), "Aretha Franklin honored at church prayer service", The Detroit News; accessed accessed August 15, 2018.
  13. Clarendon, Dan (August 14, 2018). "Stevie Wonder Visits Aretha Franklin As 'Queen of Soul' Rests in Hospice Care". US Magazine. Retrieved August 15, 2018. 
  14. Fekadu, Mesfin; Itale, Hillel (August 16, 2018). "'Queen of Soul' Aretha Franklin has died". Associated Press. Retrieved August 16, 2018. 
  15. Browne, Douglas Wolk,David (2018-08-16). "Aretha Franklin, Queen of Soul, Dead at 76". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2018-08-16.