Arica y Parinacota Region

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Coordinates: 18°28′30″S 70°18′52″W / 18.47500°S 70.31444°W / -18.47500; -70.31444
Arica and Parinacota (XV Región de Arica y Parinacota)
Region of Chile
Parinacota (volcano) and Chungara lake
Flag of Arica y Parinacota, Chile.svg
Coat of arms of Arica y Parinacota, Chile.svg
Country  Chile
Provinces Arica, Parinacota
Capital Arica
 - coordinates 18°28′30″S 70°18′52″W / 18.47500°S 70.31444°W / -18.47500; -70.31444
Highest point Parinacota volcano
 - elevation 6,348 m (20,827 ft)
Lowest point Sea level
 - elevation m (0 ft)
Area 16,873.3 km² (6,515 sq mi) [1]
Population 239,126 (2015) [2]
Density 14 /km² (36 /sq mi)
Intendant Gladys Acuña Rosales
ISO 3166-2 CL-AP
Arica and Parinacota, in red, in Chile
Arica and Parinacota, in red, in Chile
Website: Official website (in Spanish)

The XV Arica and Parinacota Region (Spanish: XV Región de Arica y Parinacota) is one of Chile's 15 first order administrative divisions. It is the country's newest region, created under Law 20.175.[3] It became operational on 8 October 2007.

History[change | change source]

Chile's former Tarapacá region was a former Peruvian province, which was occupied by Chile under the 1883 Treaty of Ancón at the close of the War of the Pacific, and then formally annexed in 1929 by the Treaty of Lima.

Geography[change | change source]

The Arica and Parinacota borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the east and Chile's Tarapacá region to the south.[1]

The region is within the Norte Grande (Far North) natural region. It combines deserts, green valleys, the steep and volcanic Andes mountains, and the Altiplano (high plain) to the east. A narrow coastal strip of low-lying land no more than 2 kilometres (1 mi) wide separates the Pacific's Nazca plate from the Andes. Its Parinacota volcano is the region's highest elevation at 6,348 metres (20,827 ft) and is on the northern border with Bolivia in Lauca National Park.

The two main rivers of the region are the Lauca, which flows into the Coipasa lake in Bolivia, and the Lluta, which flows into the Pacific Ocean. Lake Chungará at 4,517 metres (14,820 ft) above sea level ranks as one of the highest in the world

Population[change | change source]

As of 2015, there were (estimated) 239,126 persons living in the region,[2] for a population density of 14.2 inhabitants/km².

The largest city in the region is Arica, with 210,936 inhabitants.

Administration[change | change source]

Arica - a view from El Morro

In 2007, the region was subdivided to create the Arica y Parinacota region and the present day Tarapacá Region to the south. The region is further subdivided into two provinces: Arica and Parinacota.

Arica and Parinacota Region - Provinces and comunas
Province Code Comuna Area[1]
Arica (151)
15101 Arica 4,799.4 185,268
15102 Camarones 3,927.0 1,220
Total of the Arica province 8,726.4 186,488
Parinacota (152)
15201 Putre 5,902.5 1,977
15202 General Lagos 2,244.4 1,179
Total of the Parinacota province 8,146.9 3,156

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Región de Arica y Parinacota" (PDF). Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 June 2016. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Población país y regiones - Actualización 2002-2012 y Proyección 2013-2020" (XLS) (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas (INE). 4 September 2014. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
  3. "Ley 20175. Crea la XV Región de Arica y Parinacota y la Provincia del Tamarugal en la Región de Tarapacá". Ley Chile (in Spanish). Valparaiso, Chile: Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional de Chile. 11 April 2007. Retrieved 3 July 2016.

Other websites[change | change source]

Regions of Chile Flag of Chile
Arica y Parinacota | Tarapacá | Antofagasta | Atacama | Coquimbo | Valparaíso | O'Higgins | Maule | Ñuble | Bío Bío | La Araucanía | Los Ríos | Los Lagos | Aysén | Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena | RM Santiago