Bío Bío Region

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bío Bío Region (VIII Región del Biobío)
Region of Chile
Concepcion and the Biobio River.jpg
The Biobío at Concepción close to where it meets the sea
Flag of Biobío Region, Chile.svg
Flag
Coat of arms of Biobío Region, Chile.svg
Coat of arms
Country  Chile
Provinces Ñuble, Bío Bío, Concepción, Arauco
Capital Concepción
Lowest point Pacific Ocean
 - elevation m (0 ft)
Area 37,068.7 km² (14,312 sq mi) [1]
Population 2,114,286 (2015) [2]
Density 57 /km² (148 /sq mi)
Intendant Rodrigo Díaz Wörner
ISO 3166-2 CL-BI
Bío Bío, in red, in Chile
Bío Bío, in red, in Chile
Website: Official website (Spanish)

The VIII Bío Bío Region (Spanish: VIII Región del Biobío) is one of Chile's 15 first order administrative divisions. Its capital is Concepción, the second city of Chile after the national capital, Santiago.

The region is named after its main river: the Bío Bío river.

History[change | change source]

The Spanish conquistador Pedro de Valdivia founded the city of Concepción in 1550 at the mouth of the Bío Bío river. He died in 1553 during the Arauco War against the Mapuche people.

The Region has been hit by many earthquakes, including the most powerful earthquake ever recorded (the Great Chilean Earthquake in 1960) and the earthquake of 2010, when many communities in the region were greatly affected by the earthquake and the following tsunami.

Geography[change | change source]

The Bío Bío region has area of 37,068.7 km2 (14,312.3 sq mi).[1]

It borders the Maule region to the north, Argentina to the east, the Araucanía region to the south and the Pacific Ocean on the west.[1]

The two main rivers in the region are the

  1. Bío Bío river, 380 km (236 mi) long, the second longest river of Chile after the Loa river.
  2. Itata river, 140 km (87 mi) long.

Population[change | change source]

The Bío Bío Region, with 1,861,562 inhabitants (2002 census), is the second region with more people living in it, after the Santiago Metropolitan Region. Its population density was 50.2.

Administration[change | change source]

The Bío Bío region is further subdivided into four provinces: Arauco, Biobío, Concepción and Ñuble.

Biobío Comunas.png
Bío Bío Region - Provinces and comunas
Province Capital Code Comuna Area[1]
(km²)
Population[1]
(2002)
Concepción (081) Concepción 08101 23 Concepción 221.6 216,061
08102 24 Coronel 279.4 95,528
08103 22 Chiguayante 71.5 81,302
08104 25 Florida 608.6 10,177
08105 27 Hualqui 530.5 18,768
08106 28 Lota 135.8 49,089
08107 29 Penco 107.6 46,016
08108 30 San Pedro de la Paz 112.5 80,447
08109 31 Santa Juana 731.2 12,713
08110 32 Talcahuano 92.3 163,626
08111 33 Tomé 494.5 52,440
08112 26 Hualpén 53.5 86,722
Total of Concepción province 3,439.0 912,889
Arauco (082) Lebu
08201 5 Lebu 561.4 25,035
08202 1 Arauco 956.1 34,873
08203 2 Cañete 1,089.2 31,270
08204 3 Contulmo 638.8 5,838
08205 4 Curanilahue 994.3 31,943
08206 6 Los Álamos 599.1 18,632
08207 7 Tirúa 624.4 9,664
Total of Arauco province 5,463.3 157,255
Biobío (083) Los Ángeles
08301 12 Los Ángeles 1,748.2 166,556
08302   9 Antuco 1,884.1 3,908
08303 10 Cabrero 640.8 25,282
08304 11 Laja 339.8 22,404
08305 13 Mulchén 1,925.3 29,003
08306 14 Nacimiento 934.9 25,971
08307 15 Negrete 156.5 8,579
08308 16 Quilaco 1,123.7 4,021
08309 17 Quilleco 1,121.8 10,428
08310 18 San Rosendo 92.4 3,918
08311 19 Santa Bárbara 1,254.9 12,943
08312 20 Tucapel 914.9 12,777
08313 21 Yumbel 727.0 20,498
08314   8 Alto Biobío 2,124.6 7,027
Total of Biobío province 14,987.9 353,315
Ñuble (084) Chillán
08401 35 Chillán 511.2 161,953
08402 34 Bulnes 425.4 20,595
08403 37 Cobquecura 570.3 5,687
08404 38 Coelemu 342.3 16,082
08405 39 Coihueco 1,776.6 23,583
08406 36 Chillán Viejo 291.8 22,084
08407 40 El Carmen 664.3 12,845
08408 41 Ninhue 401.2 5,738
08409 42 Ñiquén 493.1 11,421
08410 43 Pemuco 562.7 8,821
08411 44 Pinto 1,164.0 9,875
08412 45 Portezuelo 282.3 5,470
08413 46 Quillón 423.0 15,146
08414 47 Quirihue 589.0 11,429
08415 48 Ránquil 248.3 5,683
08416 49 San Carlos 874.0 50,088
08417 50 San Fabián 1,568.3 3,646
08418 51 San Ignacio 363.6 16,106
08419 52 San Nicolás 490.5 9,741
08420 53 Treguaco 313.1 5,296
08421 54 Yungay 823.5 16,814
Total of Ñuble province 13,178.5 438,103
Total of the region 37,068.7 1,861,562

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]

Regions of Chile Flag of Chile
Arica y Parinacota | Tarapacá | Antofagasta | Atacama | Coquimbo | Valparaíso | O'Higgins | Maule | Bío Bío | La Araucanía | Los Ríos | Los Lagos | Aysén | Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena | RM Santiago