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Abdul Muzaffar Muhi-ud-Din Mohammad Aurangzeb
Aurangzeb in old age 2.jpg
Aurangzeb reading the Quran.
Fictional flag of the Mughal Empire.svg 6th Mughal Emperor
Coronation13 June 1659
PredecessorShah Jahan
SuccessorMuhammad Azam Shah
Born(1618-11-04)4 November 1618 (N.S.)
Dahod, Mughal Empire
Died3 March 1707(1707-03-03) (aged 88)
Ahmednagar, India
FatherShah Jahan
MotherMumtaz Mahal

Muhi-ud-Din Muhammad[1] also known as Aurangzeb or by his title Alamgir [2] was the sixth emperor of the Mughal Empire. He ruled over most of the Indian subcontinent through Islamic Sharia. His reign lasted for 49 years from 1658 until his death in 1707. During this time, Aurangzeb greatly expanded the territory of the Mughal Empire. He was constantly at war. Victories in the south expanded the Empire to more than 4 million square kilometres. His empire was the world's largest economy, valued 25% of world's GDP. He was the last great and powerful ruler of the Mughal dynasty. After his death, the power of the Mughal Empire declined quickly. The administrator of Mughal Kingdom support and grow this dynasty.

Aurangzeb was well educated and ambitious. He compiled the Fatawa Alamgiri, which served as the Islamic law of India.[3][4]

His full name was Abdul Muzaffar Muhi-ud-Din Mohammad Aurangzeb. His imperial title was Alamgir, which means 'The World Conqueror'.

Aurangzeb's Reforms[change | change source]

He reintroduced the practice of Jaziya (which is 2.5 percent of an individual's annual savings) and banned the old Hindu practice of suttee. He banned the consumption of alcohol and singing in court.

He was popular with traders as he abolished local taxes.

References[change | change source]

  1. Thackeray, Frank W.; editors, John E. Findling (2012). Events that formed the modern world : from the European Renaissance through the War on Terror. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO. p. 248. ISBN 9781598849011.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  2. Dictionary of Wars. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis. 2013. p. 387. ISBN 9781135954949.
  3. Brown, Katherine Butler (January 2007). "Did Aurangzeb Ban Music? Questions for the Historiography of his Reign". Modern Asian Studies. 41 (1): 79. doi:10.1017/S0026749X05002313.
  4. "Aurangzeb". History & Information. Retrieved 29 March 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Aurangzeb at Wikimedia Commons

Born: 4 November 1618 Died: 3 March 1707
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Shah Jahan
Mughal Emperor
Succeeded by
Bahadur Shah I