Aurangzeb

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Aurangzeb
Aurangzeb in old age 2.jpg
Aurangzeb reading the Quran.
Fictional flag of the Mughal Empire.svg 6th Mughal Emperor
Reign31 July 1658 – 3 March 1707
Coronation15 June 1659
PredecessorShah Jahan
SuccessorMuhammad Azam Shah
Born(1618-11-04)4 November 1618 (N.S.)
Dahod, Mughal Empire
Died3 March 1707(1707-03-03) (aged 88)
Ahmednagar, India
BurialKhuldabad
HouseTimurid
DynastyTimurid
FatherShah Jahan
MotherMumtaz Mahal
ReligionIslam

Muhi-ud-Din Muhammad[1] (Persian: محي الدين محمد‎) ( Hindi: अबुल मुज़फ़्फ़र मुहिउद्दीन मुहम्मद औरंगज़ेब आलमगीर) (3 November 1618 – 3 March 1707),[2] also known as Aurangzeb (Urdu: اَورنگزیب ‎), (Persian: اورنگ‌زیب‎ "Ornament of the Throne")[1] or by his title Alamgir (Urdu: عالمگِیر ‎), (Persian: عالمگير‎ "Conqueror of the World"),[3] was the sixth emperor of the Mughal Empire. He ruled over most of the Indian subcontinent. His reign lasted for 49 years from 1658 until his death in 1707. During this time, Aurangzeb greatly expanded the territory of the Mughal Empire. He was constantly at war. Victories in the south expanded the Empire to more than 3.2 million square kilometres. He was the last great ruler of the Mughal dynasty. After his death, the power of the Mughal Empire declined quickly. Aurangzeb was well educated and ambitious.[4][5]

His full name was Abdul Muzaffar Muhi-ud-Din Mohammad Aurangzeb. His imperial title was Alamgir.

Aurengzab's Reforms He introduced the practice of Jizya and banned the old Hindu practice of suttee.He banned the consuption of alcohol,singing in court . He was popular with traders as he abolished local taxes.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Thackeray, Frank W.; editors, John E. Findling (2012). Events that formed the modern world : from the European Renaissance through the War on Terror. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO. p. 248. ISBN 9781598849011.
  2. Spear, Percival. "Aurangzeb". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 6 April 2016.
  3. Dictionary of Wars. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis. 2013. p. 387. ISBN 9781135954949.
  4. Brown, Katherine Butler (January 2007). "Did Aurangzeb Ban Music? Questions for the Historiography of his Reign". Modern Asian Studies 41 (1): 79. doi:10.1017/S0026749X05002313. 
  5. "Aurangzeb". History & Information. Retrieved 29 March 2018.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Aurangzeb at Wikimedia Commons

Aurangzeb-portrait.jpg
Aurangzeb
Born: 4 November 1618 Died: 3 March 1707
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Shah Jahan
Mughal Emperor
1658–1707
Succeeded by
Bahadur Shah I