Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic

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Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic
Azerbaijani: Азәрбајҹан Совет Сосиалист Республикасы
Russian: Азербайджанская Советская Социалистическая Республика
Type of subdivision of (the) Former Country


Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
"Бүтүн өлкәләрин пролетарлары, бирләшин!" (Bütün ölkələrin proletarları, birləşin!))
(English: "Workers of the world, unite!")
"Azərbaycan Sovet Sosialist Respublikasının Himni"
(English: "Anthem of Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic")
Location of Azerbaijan SSR
Capital city Baku
40°23′N 49°52′E / 40.383°N 49.867°E / 40.383; 49.867Coordinates: 40°23′N 49°52′E / 40.383°N 49.867°E / 40.383; 49.867
Government Socialist republic
Premier of the member state
 -  1921-1922 Nariman Narimanov
 -  1990–1991 Hasan Hasanov
 -  Established July 21 1920
 -  Disestablished November 19, 1990
 -  1991 86,600 km2 (33,436 sq mi)
 -  1991 7,040,000 
Density 81.3 /km2  (210.5 /sq mi)
1Official names of the USSR

The Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic (Azerbaijani: Азәрбајҹан Совет Сосиалист Республикасы Azərbaycan Sovet Sosialist Respublikası; Russian: Азербайджанская Советская Социалистическая Республика [АзССР] Azerbaydzhanskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika [AzSSR]), also known as the Azerbaijan SSR for short, was one of the republics that made up the former Soviet Union.

It was founded on April 28, 1920 as the Azerbaijan SSR. From March 12, 1922 to December 5, 1936, it was part of the Transcaucasian SFSR together with the Armenian SSR and the Georgian SSR. In December 1922, the Transcaucasian SFSR became part of the newly established Soviet Union. The Constitution of Azerbaijan SSR was approved by the 9th Extraordinary All-Azerbaijani Congress of Soviets on March 14, 1937. On November 19, 1990, the Azerbaijan SSR was renamed the "Republic of Azerbaijan" while still a part of the Soviet Union for another year before its collapse and the independence of Azerbaijan in 1991.