Bocas del Toro Province

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Bocas del Toro Province
Provincia de Bocas del Toro
Province
Bocas del Toro provincial headquarters
Bocas del Toro provincial headquarters
Flag of Bocas del Toro Province
Flag
Bocas del Toro, in red, in Panama
Bocas del Toro, in red, in Panama
Coordinates (Seat of Government): 9°20′26″N 82°14′26″W / 9.34056°N 82.24056°W / 9.34056; -82.24056Coordinates: 9°20′26″N 82°14′26″W / 9.34056°N 82.24056°W / 9.34056; -82.24056
Country  Panama
Founded 1903
Capital Bocas del Toro
Districts Almirante, Bocas del Toro, Changuinola, Chiriquí Grande
Government[1]
 • Governor Ubaldo Vallejos
Area[2]
 • Total 4,657.2 km2 (1,798.2 sq mi)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 125,461
 • Density 27/km2 (70/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Bocatoreño
Time zone Eastern Time (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC-5)
ISO 3166 code PA-1

Bocas del Toro (meaning "Mouths of the Bull") is a province of Panama. The province is in the northwestern part of the country, bordering Costa Rica. The provincial capital is the city of Bocas del Toro on Colón Island.

History[change | change source]

Christopher Columbus, looking for a way to the Pacific Ocean during its fourth voyage to the Americas, visited this region in 1502 and named the island known now as Colón Island as "Isla del Drago" (the Dragon's Island).

During colonial times, Bocas del Toro was part of the Veraguas province. When the country was part of Colombia, the government made the district of Bocas del Toro in 1834. In 1850, Bocas del Toro became part of Chiriquí but later was made part of the Colón province.

On 16 November 1903, Bocas del Toro was separated from the Colón province and became one province. In 1941, it was divided in two districts, Bocas del Toro and Crimamola. In 1970, the district of Bocas del Toro became the district of Changuinola, the Bastimentos district was eliminated and three new districts were created.

The limits of the districts were changed in 1997 when the Ngäbe-Buglé comarca was created.

Location[change | change source]

The Bocas del Toro province borders the Caribbean Sea to the north, Limón Province of Costa Rica to the west, Chiriquí Province to the south, and Ngäbe-Buglé Comarca to the east. The Sixaola river forms part of the border with Costa Rica.

Geography[change | change source]

Bocas del Toro province has an area of 4,657.2 km2 (1,798.15 sq mi).[2] The province includes the Bocas del Toro Archipelago, a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea; the main islands of the archipelago are:

  • Colón, 61 km2 (24 sq mi), where is the city of Bocas del Toro, the provincial capital;
  • Popa, 53 km2 (20 sq mi)
  • Bastimentos, 52 km2 (20 sq mi)
  • San Cristóbal, 37 km2 (14 sq mi)
  • Cayo Agua, 16 km2 (6 sq mi)
  • Solarte, 8 km2 (3 sq mi)
  • Carenero, 4 km2 (2 sq mi)

Protected areas[change | change source]

The national parks in the province are "Isla Bastimentos National Marine Park" (Spanish: Parque Nacional Marino Isla Bastimentos), which contains most of Bastimentos islands and some smaller nearby islands, and "La Amistad International Park" (Spanish: Parque Internacional La Amistad), which spans the Costa RicaPanama border. Bocas del Toro contains most of the Panamanian section of the park, which covers 400,000 hectares (4,000 km2; 1,544 sq mi). The Costa Rican section of the park covers 584,592 hectares (5,846 km2; 2,257 sq mi).[3]

Climate[change | change source]

Climate data for Bocas del Toro (1971-2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.8
(87.4)
30.7
(87.3)
31.0
(87.8)
31.4
(88.5)
31.9
(89.4)
32.0
(89.6)
31.5
(88.7)
31.8
(89.2)
31.9
(89.4)
31.7
(89.1)
31.6
(88.9)
31.0
(87.8)
31.44
(88.6)
Average low °C (°F) 20.4
(68.7)
20.2
(68.4)
20.5
(68.9)
21.4
(70.5)
22.2
(72)
22.2
(72)
21.7
(71.1)
21.8
(71.2)
22.0
(71.6)
22.0
(71.6)
21.8
(71.2)
20.6
(69.1)
21.4
(70.52)
Precipitation mm (inches) 123.9
(4.878)
266.1
(10.476)
83.8
(3.299)
369.1
(14.531)
178.3
(7.02)
259
(10.2)
420.1
(16.539)
440.7
(17.35)
311.2
(12.252)
150.5
(5.925)
291.7
(11.484)
563.6
(22.189)
3,458
(136.142)
Avg. precipitation days 16.6 14.6 14.8 15.2 16.7 17.9 20.9 18.4 15.8 16.4 17 20.0 204.3
Source: World Meteorological Organization [4]

Demographics[change | change source]

The people of the province are known as Bocatoreños (women:Bocatoreñas).[5]

The Bocas del Toro province had a population, in 2010, of 125,461, for a population density of 26.9 inhabitants/km2.[2]

Evolution of the population in Bocas del Toro province

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

The Bocas del Toro province is divided in four districts, which are divided into 30 corregimientos.[5] The new district of Almirante was created on 8 June 2015 with territory of the Changuinola district.[6]

Districts and corregimientos of Bocas del Toro province
Districts Corregimientos Capital
Almirante Puerto Almirante, Barriada Guaymí, Barrio Francés, Nance de Riscó, Valle de Aguas Arriba, Valle de Riscó Puerto Almirante
Bocas del Toro Bocas del Toro, Isla Bastimentos, Cauchero, Punta Laurel, Tierra Oscura Bocas del Toro
Changuinola Changuinola, Barriada 4 de Abril, Finca 30, Finca 6, Finca 60, Guabito, El Teribe, El Empalme, El Silencio, Las Tablas, Las Delicias, Cochigro, La Gloria Changuinola
Chiriquí Grande Chiriquí Grande, Bajo Cedro, Miramar, Punta Peña, Punta Robalo, Rambala Chiriquí Grande

Economy[change | change source]

The main economic activity in the mainland of the province is farming, with plantain as the main commercial crop. In the islands, the main activities are fishing and tourism.

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Decreto 317 de 2 de julio de 2014" (PDF) (in Spanish). Gaceta Oficial de Panamá. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Cuadro 11. Superficie, población y densidad de población en la República, según Provincia, Comarca indígena, Distrito y Corregimiento: Censos de 1990, 2000 y 2010" (XLS). Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censo, Contraloría General de la República de Panamá. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
  3. "La Amistad International Park overview" (PDF). UNESCO. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
  4. "World Weather Information Service - Bocas del Toro". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Provincia de Bocas del Toro" (in Spanish). Editorial Ox. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
  6. "Ley 8 de junio de 2015" (PDF) (in Spanish). Gaceta Oficial. Retrieved 31 January 2017.

Other websites[change | change source]