Bulbourethral gland

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Bulbourethral gland
Male anatomy.png
Male Anatomy
Gray543.png
The deeper branches of the internal pudendal artery. (Bulbourethral gland labeled at center left.)
Details
Precursor Urogenital sinus
Artery Artery of the urethral bulb
Identifiers
Latin glandulæ bulbourethrales
MeSH D002030
Anatomical terminology

A bulbourethral gland (or Cowper's gland) is one of two small glands found in the reproductive system of human males. They are like Bartholin's glands.

Anatomy[change | change source]

Bulbourethral glands are found near the urethra at the base of the penis, between the two layers of the fascia. The bulbourethral glands are about the size of a pea. They appear to slowly get smaller as a person gets older.[1]

They are made of several lobules held together by a fibres.

Uses[change | change source]

During sexual arousal each gland makes a clear liquid known as pre-ejaculate or "pre-cum". This fluid helps to lubricate the urethra for sperm to pass through. It also helps clean out any urine[2] or dirt.

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Gray's Anatomy, 38th edn, p 1861
  2. A neglected gland: a review of Cowper's gland