Bulbourethral gland

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Bulbourethral gland
Male Anatomy
The deeper branches of the internal pudendal artery. (Bulbourethral gland labeled at center left.)
PrecursorUrogenital sinus
ArteryArtery of the urethral bulb
Latinglandulæ bulbourethrales
Anatomical terminology

A bulbourethral gland (or Cowper's gland) is one of two small glands found in the reproductive system of human males. They are like Bartholin's glands.

Anatomy[change | change source]

Bulbourethral glands are found near the urethra at the base of the penis, between the two layers of the fascia. The bulbourethral glands are about the size of a pea. They appear to slowly get smaller as a person gets older.[1]

They are made of several lobules held together by a fibres.

Uses[change | change source]

During sexual arousal each gland makes a clear liquid known as pre-ejaculate or "pre-cum". This fluid helps to lubricate the urethra for sperm to pass through. It also helps clean out any urine[2] or dirt.

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Gray's Anatomy, 38th edn, p 1861
  2. A neglected gland: a review of Cowper's gland