|Schematic frontal view of female anatomy|
|Vessels of the uterus and its appendages, rear view. (Fallopian tubes visible at top right and top left.)|
|Gray's||subject #267 1257|
|Artery||tubal branches of ovarian artery, tubal branch of uterine artery|
|Lymph||lumbar lymph nodes|
The fallopian tubes (also known as oviducts and uterine tubes) connect the ovaries to the uterus, and let the ovum pass into the uterus where they are able to be fertilized by sperm during sexual intercourse or other ways, such as artificial insemination. There are two Fallopian tubes attached to either side of the uterus.
Origin[change | change source]
Anatomy[change | change source]
There are two Fallopian tubes attached to either side of the end of the uterus. Each tube will end near one ovary. This place is called the fimbria. The Fallopian tubes are not attached to the ovaries, but open into the peritoneal cavity.
Parts[change | change source]
There are four parts of the fallopian tube from the ovary to the uterus:
Layers[change | change source]
The fallopian tube is made of three layers:
Movement[change | change source]
The Fallopian tubes can move around the pelvis.
Fertilization[change | change source]
When an ovum is ready to be released from the ovary, the ovary wall breaks open and the ovum goes into the fallopian tube. There, it starts moving towards to uterus with the help of liquids and cilia on the inside walls. This can take hours or days.