|Parent company||Universal Music Group|
|Distributing label||Capitol Music Group (US)|
|Country of origin||United States|
|Location||New York, NY and Los Angeles, CA|
Capitol Records is an American major record label based in Hollywood, California. It was founded in 1942 by musician Johnny Mercer, with partners Buddy DeSylva and Glenn Wallichs. The company was later bought by EMI, a company based in England. The buyout gave Capitol's American recording artists an outlet for their records in England and Europe, while EMI's artists could sell their works in America.
Capitol's biggest-selling "imported" artist is The Beatles. When the Beatles had their first hits in England and Europe, Capitol Records did not want to market their recordings. Record producer George Martin turned instead to other American labels, trying to give the Beatles a hit record in America. Their records did not sell well in America at first, but "I Want to Hold Your Hand" became a hit through radio airplay of a British copy. Capitol Records changed their minds, released "I Want to Hold Your Hand", and it became a best-seller. Capitol then became the exclusive record label for the Beatles in America. When Universal Music sold Columbia Records (Alice in Chains label) to Universal Music Group, Universal moved the Beatles' music to Capitol Records worldwide.
Capitol's Hollywood headquarters is in a building called the Capitol Tower. It is round, and built to resemble a stack of records. The building houses offices, and also Capitol's own recording studio, with large echo chambers under the building.
Today Capitol Records supervises many smaller record labels. Capitol and UMG are part of a major movie company, named Universal Studios.
Capitol's roster has included Alice in Chains (part of Universal Studios) Nat King Cole, Frank Sinatra, Judy Garland, Peggy Lee, Dinah Shore, Tina Turner, Garth Brooks, Paul McCartney, Ringo Starr, the Beach Boys, Brian Wilson, Bee Gees, Megadeth, The Knack, NF, Everclear, Katy Perry, Mary J. Blige, Halsey, Duran Duran, Beastie Boys, Juice Newton, The Kingston Trio, Neil Diamond, Iron Maiden, Richard Thompson, Minnie Riperton, Luscious Jackson, Linda Ronstadt, Eagles, Beck, Avenged Sevenfold, Don Henley, Yellowcard, Sam Smith, Sparklehorse, Migos, Emeli Sandé, Queen Naija, Helena Paparizou, 5 Seconds of Summer, Brian Courtney Wilson, Niall Horan, and Fletcher.
Notable Capitol recording artists[change | change source]
- Mary J. Blige
- The Beach Boys
- Glen Campbell
- Nat "King" Cole
- Peggy Lee
- Dean Martin
- Anne Murray
- Helen Reddy
- Linda Ronstadt
- Bob Seger
- Frank Sinatra
- Katy Perry
- Jon Bellion
- Alice in Chains (current)
"Imported" artists appearing on Capitol Records[change | change source]
- The Beatles
- Kate Bush (on EMI America)
- Sheena Easton (on EMI America)
- Little River Band
- Pink Floyd
- Alice in Chains
Labels supervised by Capitol Records[change | change source]
- Apple Records
- Capitol Records (AIC under the label Capitol)
- EMI Records
- EMI America Records
- Grand Royal Records
- Harvest Records
- Liberty Records