- Brahmin - priests
- Kshatriya - warrior, ruler, politician, administrative worker
- Vaishya - trader, merchant, farmer
- Shudra - peasant, servant
- "Untouchables", or dalits - came much later after the other four groups and consisted of people who swept ashes after cremations or who tanned animals' skins.
There are also castes in some countries other than India.