Charles Dickens

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Charles Dickens
Charles John Huffam Dickens

(1812-02-07)February 7, 1812
Portsmouth, England
DiedJune 9, 1870(1870-06-09) (aged 58)
Kent, England
Cause of deathStroke
Resting placePoets' Corner, Westminster Abbey
OccupationWriter. Social Critic
Notable work
Sketches by Boz, Oliver Twist, A Christmas Carol, A Tale of Two Cities, David Copperfield, Great Expectations

Charles Dickens (7 February 1812 – 9 June 1870)[1] was an English writer and a social critic who is regarded as one of the great English writers of the 19th century.

Early life[change | change source]

Charles Dickens was born in Portsmouth, England.[1] His parents were John Dickens (1785-1851),[2] a naval pay clerk, and Elizabeth Barrow (1789–1863).[2]

When Dickens was born, he had dyslexia and so he could not read or write properly, unlike other kids. When Charles was 12 years old, his family moved to Camden, London. He worked in a blacking factory there while his father was in prison for debt. Dickens's hard times in the factory served as a foundation of ideas for many of his novels. Many of them, like Oliver Twist, later became famous. When his great-grandmother died and transmitted money, Charles' father paid off his debts and was released from prison. Charles did not like working and wished to stop after his father had been released. However, his mother said that the family needed the money and so Charles was forced to continue working. Charles then finished his schooling and got a job as an office boy for an attorney. After finding that job dull, he taught himself shorthand and became a journalist that reports on the government. Dickens was a Unitarian.[3]

Author[change | change source]

His first book was Sketches by Boz in 1836, a collection of the short pieces that he had been writing for the Monthly Magazine and the Evening Chronicle.[4] This was followed by The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club in 1837.[1] Both books became popular as soon as they were printed.[1]

Charles Dickens died of a stroke on June 9, 1870. He was buried in Poets' Corner in Westminster Abbey. He died 5 years and 3 days after getting into a horrible train accident that killed 10 people and injured another 49.

Books[change | change source]

Charles Dickens wrote many books, including:

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Lansbury, Coral. Dickens, Charles (1812-1870). Australian National University. Retrieved 2010-03-16. {{cite book}}: |work= ignored (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 Dickens Family Tree website
  3. "Charles Dickens". Archived from the original on November 23, 2013. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  4. Cousin, John W. (1910). "Charles Dickens (1812-1870)". A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature. University of Adelaide. Archived from the original on 2009-08-26. Retrieved 2010-03-16.

Other websites[change | change source]