Chess in Azerbaijan
Chess is one of the most popular sports in Azerbaijan, where it is organized by the Azerbaijan Chess Federation (ACF). On May 5, 2009 Azerbaijani president Ilham Aliyev, who is also the chairman of the National Olympic Committee, signed an executive order starting a state-supported chess development program, covering the years 2009–2014.
History of chess in Azerbaijan[change | change source]
Chess may be found in the works of 12th century Persian poets such as Khaqani and Nizami, who lived in modern-day Azerbaijan, and also in the works of 16th century Azerbaijani writer and poet Fuzuli and others. Azerbaijani writer and philosopher Mirza Fatali Akhundov explained the rules of chess in his 1864 poem "The Game of Shatranj".
Azerbaijan as a member of the USSR[change | change source]
Organized chess began in Azerbaijan shortly after the creation of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic in 1920, and the game soon became widespread. The first chess column appeared in the newspaper Bakinsky Rabochy in the early 1920s. In 1923 the first Baku championship took place.
In 1934 the first Azerbaijani Championship took place. This was won by Selimkhanov, who in 1935 became chairman of the Azerbaijan Chess Organization. In 1936 the first Women's Championship was held. In 1936, A. Polisskaya of Baku became women's champion of the South Caucasus. In 1938, a women's chess school was opened at the Baku Chess and Checkers Club. However, these chess championships at the local and national level were not held every year and the World War II, disrupted the chess tournaments and activities. But since 1947 chess championships have been held every year.
Modern times[change | change source]
After Azerbaijan gained its independence after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, Azerbaijani chess players have achieved high results in various international competitions, World and European championships. In 1992, the national team of women for the first time at the World Chess Olympiad in Manila, Philippines represented independent Azerbaijan and ranked 7th among 67 teams. The women team won bronze medals at the European Championship held in Debrecen, Hungary in 1993. The national team of men won bronze medals in 2007 in European Championship held in Greece. Men's team won the title of “Europe’s strongest team” in Serbia in 2009, then won silver medals in 2011 in Greece and in 2013 in Poland. In 2012 and 2014, the men's team “SOCAR-Azerbaijan” won the inter-club European Championships twice. Azerbaijani Grandmasters Shahriyar Mammadyarov, Teymur Radjabov and Vugar Hashimov managed to rise to the 4th and 6th places in the world rankings.
Literature[change | change source]
- Кулиев Ш., Страницы из нашей шахмат истории, Баку, 1966 (на азербайджанском языке);
- Султанов Ч. А., Гасанов Ф. 3., Шахматы в Азербайджане, Баку, 1980 (на азербайджанском языке);
- Сарычев А. В., Шахматная композиция в Азербайджане, Баку, 1985 (на азербайджанском языке).
References[change | change source]
- "Ильхам Алиев подписал Госпрограмму по шахматам". Azerisport.com. (in Russian)
- "Championship of Azerbaijan- 5-21.8.1934(Final)". Rusbase 1913-94.
- "Top 100 Players February 2018 FIDE Top players archive". ratings.fide.com. Retrieved 2019-10-07.
- "Top 100 Players October 2012 FIDE Top players archive". ratings.fide.com. Retrieved 2019-10-07.
- "Top 100 Players November 2009 FIDE Top players archive". ratings.fide.com. Retrieved 2019-10-07.
- ""2009-2014-cü illər üçün Azərbaycan Respublikasında şahmatın inkişafı" Dövlət Proqramına yekun vuruldu". Ministry of Youth and Sport of Azerbaijan (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 2019-09-17. Retrieved 2019-10-07.
- "Azərbaycanda şahmatın inkişafı dövlət səviyyəsinə qaldırılıb". Trend.Az (in Azerbaijani). 2016-03-02. Retrieved 2019-10-07.
Other websites[change | change source]
- Official web site of the Azerbaijan Chess Federation (ACF) (in Azerbaijani and English)
- Azerbaijan Chess Federation (in Azerbaijani and Russian)