Cities of Malaysia

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This is a list of cities of Malaysia. In Malaysia, there are 18 areas with city status (bandar raya) by law. However, there are also highly urbanised and populated areas that do not have city status but are sometimes referred to as cities. City status is granted to a place within a local government area. Other populated areas which do not have city status are municipalities or towns.

Cities of Malaysia[change | change source]

The following is a list of places in Malaysia in order by the date they were given city status.

Name State/FT Local government(s) Chartered Population
(2010 Census)
George Town  Penang Penang Island City Council 1957-01-011 January 1957 708,127 Jurisdiction expanded in 2015 to encompass the entirety of Penang Island[1][2]
Kuala Lumpur Federal Territory (Malaysia) Federal Territories Kuala Lumpur City Hall 1972-02-011 February 1972 1,588,750
Ipoh  Perak Ipoh City Council 1988-05-2727 May 1988 657,892
Kuching  Sarawak Kuching North City Hall
Kuching South City Council
1988-08-011 August 1988 325,132 Kuching is officially made up of two local government entities
Johor Bahru  Johor Johor Bahru City Council 1994-01-011 January 1994 497,067
Kota Kinabalu  Sabah Kota Kinabalu City Hall 2000-02-022 February 2000 452,058
Shah Alam  Selangor Shah Alam City Council 2000-10-1010 October 2000 641,306
Malacca City  Malacca Melaka City Council 2003-04-1515 April 2003 484,885
Alor Setar  Kedah Alor Setar City Council 2003-12-2121 December 2003 405,523
Miri  Sarawak Miri City Council 2005-05-2020 May 2005 234,541
Petaling Jaya  Selangor Petaling Jaya City Council 2006-06-2020 June 2006 613,977
Kuala Terengganu  Terengganu Kuala Terengganu City Council 2008-01-011 January 2008 337,553
Iskandar Puteri  Johor Iskandar Puteri City Council 2017-11-2222 November 2017 529,074
Seberang Perai  Penang Seberang Perai City Council[3] 2019-09-1616 September 2019 818,197
Seremban  Negeri Sembilan Seremban City Council 2020-01-011 January 2020 620,100 Seremban and Nilai were merged to form Seremban city.
Subang Jaya  Selangor Subang Jaya City Council 2020-10-2020 October 2020 708,296
Pasir Gudang  Johor Pasir Gudang City Council 2020-11-2222 November 2020 46,571
Kuantan  Pahang Kuantan City Council 2021-02-2121 February 2021 427,515
Former city within Malaysia
Name State Local government Chartered Ref.
Singapore Singapore Singapore Singapore City Council 22 September 1951 Expelled from the Malaysian Federation on
9 August 1965

Subsequent cities[change | change source]

The royal charters for Kuala Lumpur, Kuching, Kota Kinabalu, Shah Alam, Malacca City, Alor Setar and Miri were from the Malaysian head of state, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, while Ipoh, Johor Bahru, Iskandar Puteri and Subang Jaya were granted by their respective state sultans.[4] Malacca City was declared a "historical city" prior to being granted city status in 2003.

Kuala Lumpur, the largest city, is the national capital and a federal territory. But as of 2012, most government ministries have relocated to the new administrative capital of Putrajaya.

Criteria[change | change source]

Among the latest (2008) basic criteria for city status on a local government is that it has a minimum population of 500,000 and an annual income of not less than RM 100 million.[5]

Locations of cities[change | change source]

Population[change | change source]

Kuala Lumpur is by far the largest urban area. It is also the largest metropolitan area in Malaysia. George Town, the capital city of Penang, is the second-largest city in Malaysia and the heart of Malaysia's second-largest conurbation. To the south, the twin cities of Johor Bahru and Iskandar Puteri form the core of the third-largest metropolitan area in the country. Other metropolitan areas with a population of more than 500,000 include Ipoh, Kuching, and Kota Kinabalu.

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Cavina Lim (25 March 2015). "Penang's First Mayor A Woman". The Star. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  2. "George Town meliputi 'pulau', jelas Datuk Bandar" (PDF). Buletin Mutiara. 1 May 2015.
  3. "Seberang Prai achieves city status". The Star Online. 16 September 2019. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  4. "Sultan of Johor launches Mersing Harbour Centre". NST Online. 2017-09-10. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
  5. "Criteria Status for Local Authority". Local Government Department. 30 June 2011. Archived from the original on 15 July 2015. Retrieved 24 April 2012.

Other websites[change | change source]