Culpeper, Virginia

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Culpeper, Virginia
Town
Downtown Culpeper
Downtown Culpeper
Motto: "Preserving the Past, Embracing the Future"
Location in Virginia
Location in Virginia
Coordinates: 38°28′19″N 77°59′57″W / 38.47194°N 77.99917°W / 38.47194; -77.99917Coordinates: 38°28′19″N 77°59′57″W / 38.47194°N 77.99917°W / 38.47194; -77.99917
Country United States
State Virginia
County Culpeper
Founded 1759
Government
 • Mayor Michael T. Olinger
Area
 • Total 6.8 sq mi (17.5 km2)
 • Land 6.7 sq mi (17.4 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 413 ft (126 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 16,379
 • Density 2,437.7/sq mi (941.2/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 22701, 22735
Area code(s) 540
FIPS code 51-20752[1]
GNIS feature ID 1498471[2]
Website www.culpeperva.gov

Culpeper (formerly Fairfax) is the only incorporated town in Culpeper County, Virginia, United States. The population was 16,379 at the 2010 census.[3] This was an increase from 9,664 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Culpeper County.[4]

Geography[change | change source]

Culpeper is located at 38°28′19″N 77°59′57″W / 38.47194°N 77.99917°W / 38.47194; -77.99917 (38.471915, −77.999168).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 6.8 square miles (17.5 km²), of which 6.7 square miles (17.4 km²) is land and 0.04 square mile (0.1 km²) (0.44%) is water.

History[change | change source]

After forming Culpeper County, Virginia, in 1748, the Virginia House of Burgesses voted to establish the Town of Fairfax on February 22, 1759. The name honored Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron.[6] He was the proprietor of the Northern Neck, a vast domain north of the Rappahannock River. His territory was then defined as stretching from Chesapeake Bay to what is now Hampshire County, West Virginia.

The original plan of the town called for ten blocks, which form the core of Culpeper's downtown area today. The original town was surveyed by a young George Washington. In 1795, the town received a post office under the name "Culpeper Court House" Most maps of the time, however, continued to show the Fairfax name. The confusion resulting from the difference in official and postal names was finally resolved when the Virginia Assembly formally renamed the town Culpeper in 1869 (Acts, 1869–1870, chapter 118, page 154).

During the American Revolutionary War, the Culpeper Minutemen, a pro-independence militia, formed in the town of Culpeper. They organized in what was then known as "Clayton's Old Field," near today's Yowell Meadow Park.

During the Civil War, Culpeper was a crossroads for a number of armies marching through central Virginia, with both Union and Confederate forces occupying the town by turn. In the heart of downtown, the childhood home of Confederate General A.P. Hill stands at the corner of Main and Davis streets. One block north on Main St. (present location of Piedmont Realty) was the frame house where "The Gallant Major" John Pelham died after being wounded at the Battle of Kelly's Ford.

The downtown Culpeper Theater

Culpeper began to grow dramatically in the 1980s, becoming a "bedroom community" of more densely populated Northern Virginia and Washington, D.C. suburbs. A growing number of residents of the town and county of Culpeper once lived and continue to work in those areas.

In 2011, East Davis Street in downtown Culpeper was named as a 2011 "America's Great Place" by the American Planning Association.[7]

2011 earthquake[change | change source]

Downtown Culpeper was one of the communities most affected by the August 23, 2011 Virginia earthquake. Several buildings along Main Street and East Davis Street suffered severe damage, and some have been condemned.[8] The earthquake led to the temporary evacuation of the Packard Campus for Audio-Visual Conservation. At the time it was hosting a town hall event for U.S. Senator Mark Warner.[9] In 2014 the Museum of Culpeper History moved into the town's historic train depot.[10]

Demographics[change | change source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 1,056
1870 1,800 70.5%
1880 1,613 −10.4%
1890 1,620 0.4%
1900 1,618 −0.1%
1910 1,796 11.0%
1920 1,819 1.3%
1930 2,379 30.8%
1940 2,316 −2.6%
1950 2,527 9.1%
1960 2,412 −4.6%
1970 6,056 151.1%
1980 6,621 9.3%
1990 8,581 29.6%
2000 9,664 12.6%
2010 16,379 69.5%
Est. 2015 17,557 [11] 81.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

As of the 2010 Census, the racial makeup of the town was 61.5% White, 21.9% Black, 0.6% Native American, 2.1% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, and 4.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.0% of the population.

The town's population included 25.7% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was at a time $35,438, and the median income for a family was $41,894 but due to the economic downturn this has changed. Males had a median income of $28,658 versus $25,252 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,842. About 23.0% of families and 26.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.8% of those under age 18 and 22.1% of those age 65 or over.[source?]

Climate[change | change source]

Climate data for Culpeper, Virginia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 80
(26.7)
84
(28.9)
91
(32.8)
95
(35)
100
(37.8)
103
(39.4)
107
(41.7)
102
(38.9)
102
(38.9)
99
(37.2)
86
(30)
79
(26.1)
107
(41.7)
Average high °F (°C) 45
(7.2)
49
(9.4)
60
(15.6)
70
(21.1)
79
(26.1)
86
(30)
90
(32.2)
87
(30.6)
81
(27.2)
70
(21.1)
59
(15)
48
(8.9)
68.7
(20.37)
Average low °F (°C) 25
(-3.9)
28
(-2.2)
34
(1.1)
43
(6.1)
52
(11.1)
61
(16.1)
66
(18.9)
64
(17.8)
58
(14.4)
45
(7.2)
37
(2.8)
29
(-1.7)
45.2
(7.31)
Record low °F (°C) −14
(-25.6)
−9
(-22.8)
5
(-15)
18
(-7.8)
28
(-2.2)
37
(2.8)
48
(8.9)
44
(6.7)
31
(-0.6)
18
(-7.8)
6
(-14.4)
−6
(-21.1)
−14
(-25.6)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.26
(82.8)
2.96
(75.2)
3.55
(90.2)
3.32
(84.3)
4.34
(110.2)
4.39
(111.5)
4.23
(107.4)
4.13
(104.9)
4.36
(110.7)
3.81
(96.8)
3.71
(94.2)
3.13
(79.5)
45.19
(1,147.8)
Source: [13]

References[change | change source]

  1. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Culpeper town, Virginia". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/G001/1600000US5120752. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  4. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off.. pp. 97. https://books.google.com/books?id=9V1IAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA97#v=onepage&q&f=false.
  7. "Davis Street Culpeper, Virginia". http://www.planning.org/greatplaces/streets/2011/index.htm#VA. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
  8. "EARTHQUAKE IN CULPEPER: The damage done". Star-Exponent; Culpeper, Virginia. August 24, 2011. http://www2.starexponent.com/news/2011/aug/24/earthquake-culpeper-damage-done-ar-1258754/. Retrieved 24 August 2011.
  9. Johnston, Donnie (August 24, 2011). "Earthquake forces Warner outside for public forum". The Free Lance-Star; Fredericksburg, Virginia. http://fredericksburg.com/News/FLS/2011/082011/08242011/647382. Retrieved 24 August 2011.
  10. Museum of Culpeper History web site
  11. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". http://www.census.gov/popest/data/cities/totals/2015/SUB-EST2015.html. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  12. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. http://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. "Average Weather for Culpeper, VA - Temperature and Precipitation". Weather.com. August 2011. http://www.weather.com/outlook/health/fitness/wxclimatology/monthly/22701. Retrieved February 11, 2011.