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Fringe-limbed treefrogs
Ecnomiohyla rabborum.jpg
Ecnomiohyla rabborum
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Hylidae
Genus: Ecnomiohyla
Faivovich [fr], Haddad [fr], Garcia [fr], Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler [fr], 2005[1]
Type species
Ecnomiohyla miliaria
Cope, 1886

See text

Ecnomiohyla, or fringe-limbed treefrogs or marvelous frogs, is a genus of frogs in the family Hylidae.[2][3] A genus is a group of species. It is part of taxonomy, which is the way scientists put living things in groups.

Scientists invented this group in 2005 after looking very closely at which frogs they had put in Hylidae. At first, scientists had put ten species in this genus. Before that, those frogs had been in Hyla. Two more species, E. rabborum and E. sukia, were discovered later.

Name[change | change source]

The name Ecnomiohyla comes from the Greek word ecnomios ("marvelous" or "unusual") and Hylas. In Greek mythology, Hylas was Hercules' friend.[1][4][5]

Appearance[change | change source]

Frogs in Ecnomiohyla are middle-sized or large. They have fringes of skin on their legs. They have very large front and back feet. They live in canopies in wet forested highlands in southern Mexico through Central America to Colombia.[6] They are capable of gliding using their webbed hands and feet.[7]

Species[change | change source]

The genus has 12 species in it,[2]

Binomial name and author Common name
Ecnomiohyla bailarina (Batista, Hertz, Mebert, Köhler, Lotzkat, Ponce, and Vesely, 2014) Golden-eyed fringe-limbed treefrog
Ecnomiohyla echinata (Duellman, 1961) Oaxacan fringe-limbed treefrog
Ecnomiohyla fimbrimembra (Taylor, 1948) Heredia treefrog
Ecnomiohyla miliaria (Cope, 1886) Cope's brown treefrog
Ecnomiohyla minera (Wilson, McCranie, and Williams, 1985) Guatemala treefrog
Ecnomiohyla phantasmagoria (Dunn, 1943)
Ecnomiohyla rabborum (Mendelson, Savage, Griffith, Ross, Kubicki, and Gagliardo, 2008) Rabb's fringe-limbed treefrog (probably extinct, 2016)
Ecnomiohyla salvaje (Wilson, McCranie, and Williams, 1985) Copan treefrog
Ecnomiohyla sukia (Savage & Kubicki, 2010) Shaman fringe-limbed tree frog
Ecnomiohyla thysanota (Duellman, 1966) Cerro Mali treefrog
Ecnomiohyla valancifer (Firschein and Smith, 1956) San Martin fringe-limbed treefrog
Ecnomiohyla veraguensis (Batista, Hertz, Mebert, Köhler, Lotzkat, Ponce, and Vesely, 2014)

AmphibiaWeb lists the same species but also includes Rheohyla miotympanum in this genus.[3]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Faivovich, Julián; Haddad, Célio F.B.; Garcia, Paulo C.A.; Frost, Darrel R.; Campbell, Jonathan A. & Wheeler, Ward C. (2005). "Systematic review of the frog family Hylidae, with special reference to Hylinae: phylogenetic analysis and taxonomic revision". Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 294: 1–240. CiteSeerX doi:10.1206/0003-0090(2005)294[0001:SROTFF]2.0.CO;2. hdl:2246/462. S2CID 83925199.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Frost, Darrel R. (2020). "Ecnomiohyla Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.1. American Museum of Natural History. doi:10.5531/db.vz.0001. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Hylidae". AmphibiaWeb. University of California, Berkeley. 2020. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  4. Joseph R. Mendelson III; Jay M. Savage; Edgardo Griffith; Heidi Ross; Brian Kubicki; Ronald Gagliardo (2008). "Spectacular new gliding species of Ecnomiohyla (Anura: Hylidae) from Central Panama". Journal of Herpetology. 42 (4): 750–759. doi:10.1670/08-025R1.1. S2CID 20233879.
  5. Charles W. Myers; Richard B. Stothers (2006). "The myth of Hylas revisited: the frog name Hyla and other commentary on Specimen medicum (1768) of J. N. Laurenti, the "father of herpetology"". Archives of Natural History. 33 (2): 241–266. doi:10.3366/anh.2006.33.2.241.
  6. Jay M. Savage; Brian Kubicki (2010). "A new species of fringe-limb frog, genus Ecnomiohyla (Anura: Hylidae), from the Atlantic slope of Costa Rica, Central America". Zootaxa. 2719: 21–34.
  7. Robert W. Hansen, ed. (2008). "About our cover: Ecnomiohyla rabborum". Herpetological Review. 42 (1): 3.