Ferdinand Marcos

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Ferdinand Marcos
President of the Philippines
In office
December 30, 1965 – February 25, 1986
Prime Minister Cesar Virata
Vice President Fernando Lopez
Arturo Tolentino
Preceded by Diosdado Macapagal
Succeeded by Corazon Aquino
Prime Minister of the Philippines
In office
June 12, 1978 – June 30, 1981
Preceded by Pedro Paterno
Succeeded by Cesar Virata
President of the Senate of the Philippines
In office
April 5, 1963 – December 30, 1965
Preceded by Eulogio Rodriguez
Succeeded by Arturo Tolentino
Senator of the Philippines
In office
December 30, 1959 – December 30, 1965
Member of the House of Representatives from Ilocos Norte's 2nd district
In office
December 30, 1949 – December 30, 1959
Preceded by Pedro Paterno
Succeeded by Simeon Valdez
Personal details
Born September 11, 1917(1917-09-11)
Sarrat, Philippines
Died September 28, 1989(1989-09-28) (aged 72)
Honolulu, United States
Political party Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (1978–1989)
Other political
Liberal Party (1946–1965)
Nacionalista Party (1965–1978)
Spouse(s) Imelda Romuáldez (1954–1989)
Profession Lawyer
Religion Catholic
Philippine Independent Church (Formerly)

Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was a Filipino politician and lawyer who served as President (1965-1986) and Prime Minister (1978-1981) of the Republic of the Philippines. He is a polarizing historical figure in both Philippines and the world. Marcos established an authoritarian regime that came under criticism for corruption and for its suppression of democratic processes and dictatorial nature. On the other hand, he achieved accomplishments most notably in infrastructure.

Early Life[change | change source]

Ferdinand Edralin Marcos was born on September 11, 1917, in Sarrat, Ilocos Norte, Philippines. His parents Mariano Marcos and Josefa Edralin, were both teachers from important families. He studied law at the University of the Philippines, during which he was accused of assassinating his father's political rival. He was later acquitted by the Supreme Court.[1]

During World War II, Marcos claimed that he had been the leader of Ang Maharlika, guerrilla force in northern Luzon. After the war, he served as Ilocos Norte Representative (1949-1959) and as Senator of the Philippines (1958-1965). He was also Senate President (1963-1965).[2]

Presidency[change | change source]

As a president, he helped improve the infrastructure of the Philippines. He was also good at international diplomacy. A few years later, national problems rose during his presidency: His style of leadership soon became dictatorial. Government greed, government bullying, despotism, nepotism, and violation of human rights abuses were abundant. The nation's masses were under martial law and many who went against the government were sent to prison, tortured, raped or killed. People could not express themselves freely unless it was in favor of the Marcos family.[3]

In 1983, he was accused in the assassination of his main rival and challenger, politician Benigno Aquino, Jr. This caused many events, like a wrongful president vote. People became angry after and kicked him out during the peaceful EDSA revolution in February 1986.

He and his wife Imelda Marcos were later proved to have stolen billions of dollars of government funds and had it secretly sent to bank accounts in the United States, Switzerland, and other countries, as well as into fake companies under his name.

Final years and death[change | change source]

He went to Hawaii and died there of heart, kidney and lung diseases.

References[change | change source]