||This article needs more sources for reliability. (December 2011)|
|President of the Philippines|
December 30, 1965 – February 25, 1986
|Prime Minister||Cesar Virata|
|Vice President||Fernando Lopez
|Preceded by||Diosdado Macapagal|
|Succeeded by||Corazon Aquino|
|Prime Minister of the Philippines|
June 12, 1978 – June 30, 1981
|Preceded by||Pedro Paterno|
|Succeeded by||Cesar Virata|
|President of the Senate of the Philippines|
April 5, 1963 – December 30, 1965
|Preceded by||Eulogio Rodriguez|
|Succeeded by||Arturo Tolentino|
|Senator of the Philippines|
December 30, 1959 – December 30, 1965
|Member of the House of Representatives from Ilocos Norte's 2nd district|
December 30, 1949 – December 30, 1959
|Preceded by||Pedro Paterno|
|Succeeded by||Simeon Valdez|
|Born||September 11, 1917
|Died||September 28, 1989
Honolulu, United States
|Political party||Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (1978–1989)|
|Liberal Party (1946–1965)
Nacionalista Party (1965–1978)
|Spouse(s)||Imelda Romuáldez (1954–1989)|
Philippine Independent Church (Formerly)
Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was a Filipino politician and lawyer who served as President (1965-1986) and Prime Minister (1978-1981) of the Republic of the Philippines. He is a polarizing historical figure in both Philippines and the world. Marcos established an authoritarian regime that came under criticism for corruption and for its suppression of democratic processes and dictatorial nature. On the other hand, he achieved accomplishments most notably in infrastructure.
Early Life[change | change source]
Ferdinand Edralin Marcos was born on September 11, 1917, in Sarrat, Ilocos Norte, Philippines. His parents Mariano Marcos and Josefa Edralin, were both teachers from important families. He studied law at the University of the Philippines, during which he was accused of assassinating his father's political rival. He was later acquitted by the Supreme Court.
During World War II, Marcos claimed that he had been the leader of Ang Maharlika, guerrilla force in northern Luzon. After the war, he served as Ilocos Norte Representative (1949-1959) and as Senator of the Philippines (1958-1965). He was also Senate President (1963-1965).
Presidency[change | change source]
As a president, he helped improve the infrastructure of the Philippines. He was also good at international diplomacy. A few years later, national problems rose during his presidency: His style of leadership soon became dictatorial. Government greed, government bullying, despotism, nepotism, and violation of human rights abuses were abundant. The nation's masses were under martial law and many who went against the government were sent to prison, tortured, raped or killed. People could not express themselves freely unless it was in favor of the Marcos family.
In 1983, he was accused in the assassination of his main rival and challenger, politician Benigno Aquino, Jr. This caused many events, like a wrongful president vote. People became angry after and kicked him out during the peaceful EDSA revolution in February 1986.
He and his wife Imelda Marcos were later proved to have stolen billions of dollars of government funds and had it secretly sent to bank accounts in the United States, Switzerland, and other countries, as well as into fake companies under his name.
Final years and death[change | change source]
He went to Hawaii and died there of heart, kidney and lung diseases.