Prime Minister of the Philippines

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Prime Minister of the Philippines
Punong Ministro ng Pilipinas
Seal of the Prime Minister (1981–1986)
Salvador Laurel
Last Prime Minister of the Philippines
StylePrime Minister
The Honourable
His Excellency
(formal, diplomatic)
TypeHead of government
Member of
AppointerThe President
with members' advice and consent
PrecursorOffice established (pre-1899)
President of the Philippines (1978)
FormationJanuary 2, 1899 (first creation)
June 12, 1978 (second creation)
First holderApolinario Mabini y Maranan (first creation)
Ferdinand Marcos (second creation)
Final holderSalvador H. Laurel
AbolishedNovember 13, 1899 (first abolition)
March 25, 1986 (second abolition)
SuccessionPresident of the Philippines (1899–1978; 1986-present)

The prime minister of the Philippines (Filipino: Punong Ministro ng Pilipinas) was the official job of the head of the government (whereas the President of the Philippines was the head of state) of the Philippines from 1978 until the People Power Revolution in 1986.

A limited version of this office existed for a short time in 1899 during the First Philippine Republic.

List of prime ministers[change | change source]

# Name
Party Took office Left office President Legislature Era
1 Apolinario Mabini
Non-partisan January 2, 1899 January 23, 1899 Emilio Aguinaldo Malolos Congress Revolutionary Government
January 23, 1899 May 7, 1899 First Republic
2 Pedro A. Paterno
May 8, 1899 November 13, 1899
Office abolished

November 14, 1899—October 14, 1943
- Jorge B. Vargas
Nacionalista Party October 14, 1943 August 17, 1945 Jose P. Laurel National Assembly Second Republic
Office abolished

October 14, 1943—June 12, 1978
3 Ferdinand E. Marcos
KBL June 12, 1978 June 30, 1981 Ferdinand E. Marcos Interim Batasang Pambansa Martial law
4 Cesar E. A. Virata
(1930– )
July 28, 1981 July 23, 1984 Fourth Republic
July 23, 1984 February 25, 1986 Regular Batasang Pambansa
5 Salvador H. Laurel
UNIDO February 25, 1986 March 25, 1986 Corazon C. Aquino
The presidential system is used; the President is head of both state and government by virtue of the 1987 Constitution

More readings[change | change source]

  • Case, William (2002), Politics in Southeast Asia: Democracy or Less, Routledge, ISBN 0-7007-1636-X ISBN 978-0-7007-1636-4
  • Celoza, Albert F. (1997), Ferdinand Marcos and the Philippines: the Political Economy of Authoritarianism, Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 0-275-94137-X ISBN 978-0-275-94137-6
  • Guevara, Sulpicio (1972), The Laws of the First Philippine Republic (The Laws of Malolos), 1898-1899, Manila: National Historical Commission Digitally archived and reproduced at the University of Michigan Library, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States since 2005.
  • Hunt, Michael H.; Levine, Steven I. (2012), Arc of Empire: America's Wars in Asia from the Philippines to Vietnam, Univ of North Carolina Press, ISBN 978-0-8078-3528-9
  • Kalaw, Maximo Manguiat (1927), "Appendix C. Aguinaldo's Proclamation of June 23, 1898, Establishing the Revolutionary Government", The Development of Philippine Politics, Oriental commercial, retrieved 2011-04-15