Geneva (canton)

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République et canton de Genève
Canton of Switzerland
Coat of arms of République et canton de Genève
Coat of arms
Map of Switzerland, location of Geneva highlighted
Location in Switzerland
Map of Geneva

Karte Kanton Genf 2010.png
Coordinates: 46°2′N 6°7′E / 46.033°N 6.117°E / 46.033; 6.117Coordinates: 46°2′N 6°7′E / 46.033°N 6.117°E / 46.033; 6.117
Capital Geneva
Subdivisions 45 municipalities
Government
 • Executive Conseil d'État (7)
 • Legislative Grand Council (100)
Area[1]
 • Total 282.49 km2 (109.07 sq mi)
Population (12/2016)[2]
 • Total 489,524
 • Density 1,700/km2 (4,500/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code CH-GE
Highest point 516 m (1,693 ft): Les Arales
Lowest point 332 m (1,089 ft): Rhône at Chancy
Joined 1815
Languages French
Website GE.ch

Geneva is a canton in Switzerland. The capital of the canton is Geneva City.

The French name is Genève, The German name is Genf, in Italian it is Ginevra.

Geneva is the seat of many institutions of the United Nations. It has about 186.000 inhabitants and a very old university. About 960.000 people live in the urban area. Some of the urban area is in France. Only Zürich has more inhabitants in Switzerland.

Logo

History[change | change source]

In 1815, the city-state of Geneva became a part of Switzerland. It had at one time been the capital of the Kingdom of Burgundy.

The first traces of human civilization in Geneva, discovered on the shores of Lake Geneva French: Lac Léman, date from around 3000 BC. The hill of the Old City, however, was not inhabited until 1000 BC. Later, when Rome conquered Geneva, it was defended by a small Celtic tribe. In 58 BC, Julius Caesar drove off an attack by the Helvetii. At the height of the Roman Empire, around 400 AD, Geneva was granted its own bishop.

Municipalities[change | change source]

Geneva does not have any districts. There are 45 municipalities in the canton:



  1. Arealstatistik Land Cover - Kantone und Grossregionen nach 6 Hauptbereichen accessed 27 October 2017
  2. Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2017