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교린 정책
Revised Romanizationkyorin chŏngch'aek
McCune–Reischauergyorin jeongchaek

Gyorin[1] was a neutral Confucian term developed in Joseon Korea. It is used in historical contexts. The term is used as a descriptive label for diplomatic relations between Korea and all nations except Imperial China during the Joseon period and earlier.

Gyorin describes a foreign policy. It is about Korea's plans for establishing and maintaining good relations with neighboring countries.[2]

History[change | change source]

The long-term, strategic gyorin policy played out in diplomacy and trade dealings with Jurchen, Japan, the Ryūkyū Kingdom, Siam and others.[3]

Gyorin was applied to a multi-national foreign policy.[4]

Diplomatic relations with China established a context. At the same time, there were many gyorin contacts which developed independently between Korea and other nations,[5] including

  • Diplomatic missions form the Ryūkyū Kingdom which were received by Taejo of Joseon in 1392, 1394 and 1397.
  • Diplomatic missions from Siam which were received in Taejo's court in 1393.[6]

Related pages[change | change source]

Notes and references[change | change source]

  1. Gyorin (Korean: 교린 정책; hanja 交隣政策) is translated as "neighborly relations"
  2. Yim Min-Hyeok. "The Establishment of Literati Governance Society in Early Joseon, and Its Continuation," The Review of Korean Studies, Vol. 8, No. 2 (June 20050, pp. 223-254.
  3. Kim, pp. 76-77.
  4. (in Korean) 사대교린 (조선 외교), Britannica online Korea
  5. Kim, Chun-gil. The History of Korea, pp. 76-77; Oh Youngkyo. "State of Research on the Late Period of the Choson Dynasty," Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine Yonsei University.
  6. Goodrich, L. Carrington et al. (1976). Dictionary of Ming biography, 1368-1644 (明代名人傳), Vol. II, p. 1601.