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Kingdom of Thailand
Anthem: Phleng Chat Thai
(English: "Thai National Anthem")
and largest city
|Bangkok (Thai: Krung Thep)1|
|Official scripts||Thai alphabet|
|Ethnic groups||Thai (75%)|
|Government||Unitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy|
|House of Representatives|
|6 April 1782|
|4 October 1932|
|24 July 2007|
|513,120 km2 (198,120 sq mi) (51st)|
• Water (%)
|0.4 (2,230 km2)|
• 2011 estimate
• 2010 census
|132.1/km2 (342.1/sq mi) (88th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
|$616.783 billion (24th)|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2011 estimate|
|$332.47 billion (30th)|
• Per capita
|HDI (2011)|| 0.682|
medium · 103rd
|Currency||Baht (฿) (THB)|
|ISO 3166 code||TH|
|Internet TLD||.th, .ไทย|
Thailand (// TY-land or // TY-lənd; Thai: ประเทศไทย, RTGS: Prathet Thai), officially the Kingdom of Thailand (Thai: ราชอาณาจักรไทย, RTGS: Ratcha Anachak Thai; IPA: [râːt.tɕʰā ʔāːnāːtɕàk tʰāj] (listen)), is a country in Southeast Asia. Its neighbours are Laos, Cambodia, Malaysia, and Myanmar. The country's name was Siam until October 4 1939. It was again called Siam between 1945 and May 11 1949, when it changed back to Thailand. The word Thai (ไทย) comes from the ethnic group in the center of Thailand. The capital city is Bangkok. Thailand is the only country in Southeast Asia that was not ruled by Western countries as it served as a buffer zone between English and French colonies.
Most of the people of Thailand (95%) follow the philosophy called Buddhism. However, a small number (about 4.4%), mostly in the southern part of the country, follow the religion Islam. Other religions in Thailand are Christianity, Hinduism, and Sikhism. Now, some of the Muslims in the south have begun fighting the government of Thailand, because they want to be more independent (free of the control of another country).
History[change | change source]
A century later, a bigger Thai kingdom named Ayuthaya appeared in the South of Sukhothai. Later Sukhothai became a part of Ayuthaya. Ayuthaya existed for more than 400 years before its fall by the attack of a Burmese kingdom.
Before 1932, Thailand was an absolute monarchy, meaning the King had total power in the country. On June 24, 1932, a group of people staged a coup and changed Thailand to a constitutional monarchy. It was not until 1973 that Thai people voted for a Prime Minister in an election. There were coups both before and after this year.
In May 2014, a new military coup d'état removed another government.
Between 1932 and 2014, Thailand had 12 coup d'état.
Provinces[change | change source]
Thailand is divided into 76 provinces (จังหวัด, changwat), which make up 5 groups of provinces. There are also 2 special governed districts: the capital Bangkok (Krung Thep Maha Nakhon) and Pattaya. Bangkok is often wrongly counted as a province. The 76 provinces including Bangkok are as follows:
Central[change | change source]
- Ang Thong
- Bangkok (Krung Thep Maha Nakhon), Special Governed District of
- Chai Nat
- Nakhon Nayok
- Nakhon Pathom
- Pathum Thani
- Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
- Prachuap Khiri Khan
- Samut Prakan
- Samut Sakhon
- Samut Songkhram
- Sing Buri
- Suphan Buri
East[change | change source]
North[change | change source]
- Chiang Mai
- Chiang Rai
- Kamphaeng Phet
- Mae Hong Son
- Nakhon Sawan
- Uthai Thani
Northeast (Isan)[change | change source]
- Amnat Charoen
- Bueng Kan
- Buri Ram
- Khon Kaen
- Maha Sarakham
- Nakhon Phanom
- Nakhon Ratchasima
- Nong Bua Lamphu
- Nong Khai
- Roi Et
- Sakon Nakhon
- Si Sa Ket
- Ubon Ratchathani
- Udon Thani
South[change | change source]
- Nakhon Si Thammarat
- Phang Nga
- Surat Thani
NOTE: In italics , that province represents the Greater Bangkok sub-region; in italics , that province represents the West sub-region.
References[change | change source]
Footnotes[change | change source]
- Thailand, CIA World Factbook.
- West, Barbara A. (2009), Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Asia and Oceania, Facts on File, p. 794
- "Wayback Machine" (PDF). web.archive.org. 16 July 2011.
- National Statistics Office. "100th anniversary of population censuses in Thailand: Population and housing census 2010: 11th census of Thailand" (in Thai), online accessible at: , retrieved on 30 January 2012.
- "Report for Thailand". World Economic Outlook Database. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 25 July 2011.
- "Human Development Report". UNDP. 2009. Retrieved 27 October 2011.
- "Human Development Report 2011 – Human development statistical annex" (PDF). HDRO (Human Development Report Office) United Nations Development Programme. pp. 127–130. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
- "Merriam-Webster Online". Merriam-webster.com. 25 April 2007. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- Thailand (Siam) History, CSMngt-Thai.
- Limited, Bangkok Post Public Company. "Shifting Thai alliances in the 21st century". https://www.bangkokpost.com. External link in
Further reading[change | change source]
Other websites[change | change source]
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- Thaigov.go.th Royal Government of Thailand
- Tourism Authority of Thailand Official tourism website
- Thai National Assembly Official Thai Parliament website
- Mfa.go.th Thailand Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- Birdwatching in Thailand
- Learn Thai Culture.com
- CIA - The World Factbook - Thailand
- Thailand Country Fact Sheet from the Common Language Project
- Longdo Map Thailand On-line Thailand map
- Holidays Thailand Holidays In Thailand